DMJInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslGlBAnCol_E_1to2
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MRDVInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
GGlucose_M_ugmg
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
RustSev_E_1to9
moderate to high level of blasting
4
CIMMYT
TRustSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CTMInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PERSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
FmonSRSev_E_1to9
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CT_M_C
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LLng_M_cm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GAsh_NIRS_pct
CIMMYT
TRustSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
AstriInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FungDis_E_0to1
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
81-90% dead leave area
9
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslAnCol_E_1to5
WI_M_idx
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
GNC_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MRFVInc_Cmp_pct
61-70% dead leave area
7
GTrp_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
9
severe infection
CIMMYT
PERSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CSCInc_Ct_plntPlot
highly susceptible, disease symptoms covering >80%
5
GRN_Ct_rowear
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
RSucrose_M_ngug
MRCVInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
RProl_M_ugg
CIMMYT
strong
4
GY_FW_kgPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
4
poor
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SmaySev_E_1to5
AflavERSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslGlAnCol_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CLSSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
200KW
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GW_DW_g200grn
EH_M_cm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CSCMSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EWormDmg_M_cm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
1
absent
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
FusSRInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ERInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ASI_Cmp_day
CIMMYT
MaturityGDU
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Mat_Cmp_Cday
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FgramSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
StenSRInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EW_DW_kgPlot
DTELSen
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ELSen_DT_day
ChiloDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BLSBSev_E_1to5
TslGlAnCol_E_1to5
CIMMYT
LWid_M_cm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MSTVInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
GOil_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BactSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
7
strong
CIMMYT
BusseolaInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
2
resistant, disease symptoms covering up to 20%
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
TSCSev_E_1to9
5
other
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AWormDmg_E_1to5
hard and transparent grains
1
MRDVInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GSucrose_M_pct
CIMMYT
BmaySev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
WeevN_Ct_weevil
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AntAnCol_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CSmutInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslDen_E_1to3
yellow
4
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GWLostWeev_Cmp_pct
4
brown
AspERSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DMSInc_Cmp_pct
red
3
CIMMYT
PLSSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SdlngDisInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GWid_M_mm
GW_Adj_g200grn
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CTMInc_Ct_plntPlot
low to moderate level of blasting
2
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PpolySev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FusERSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EW_M_gear
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SCond_M_mmolm2s
GN_Cmp_grnplnt
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LodgInc_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
BCLSSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
RustSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LateWiltInc_Cmp_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSmutSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PERSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SilkGrwR_Cmp_cmday
cylindrical
3
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GLSSev_E_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GY_Adj_tha
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PytSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GGlucose_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BHskCovInc_Cmp_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
LABA_M_ngg
CIMMYT
semi open
3
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSmutSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
DMSSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
GW_Adj_g100grn
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GW_FW_g200grn
7
mottled
PsacchInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GMoi_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PUnif_E_1to3
CIMMYT
EPo_E_1to3
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SD
Silk_Date_ymd
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GY_DW_kgPlot
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GSucrose_M_umolg
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BCLSSev_E_1to5
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CRustSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CharRInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CLSSev_E_1to9
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
StemCol_E_1to5
1
floury
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CSCMSev_E_1to9
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MSTVInc_Ct_plntPlot
BHskCovInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
high infection
7
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SteWiltInc_Ct_plntPlot
EGrwR_Cmp_gplntday
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EturcSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
straight
3
3
medium
CIMMYT
CobGlCol_E_1to3
DMSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GVitA_M_Âµgg
TSCSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GThk_M_mm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PericCol_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PytSRInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ELLng_M_cm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
StenSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
MSVInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Aflatox_M_ppb
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
1
conical
absent
0
DMVInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GY_FW_gPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
NDVI_M_idx
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SmaySev_E_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PRI_M_idx
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MLNSev_E_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Sen_E_0to10
CIMMYT
SRInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CRustSev_E_1to5
2
yellow
CIMMYT
TslSiz_E_1to3
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
RLodgInc_Ct_plntPlot
5
very strong
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LCol_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DMVSev_Ct_plntPlot
4
spiral
normal
3
SCMVInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
WeevInc_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
BSDMInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FusERSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EShape_E_1to3
GUpSSh_E_1to6
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GCol_E_1to9
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
OP_M_Mpa
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FgramERSev_E_1to5
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
FgramERSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BCLSSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EWormInc_Ct_plntPlot
6
medium to high infection
EDia_M_cm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
6
orange
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PAsp_E_1to5
Shell_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
ShellCobW_FW_gPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
moderately susceptible, disease symptoms covering up to 50%
3
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
RGlucose_M_ngug
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GY_DW_tha
5
pointed
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AleuCol_E_1to5
ALBInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
PStand_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
1
no infection
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EWormInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
DMSSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
AntAnCol_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ELSenD
ELSen_Date_ymd
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
absent
1
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ELChl_M_CCI
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslExer_E_1to5
9
red
GProt_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
BmaySev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GLng_M_mm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CLSSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
TSCSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
no blasting
1
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PH_M_cm
4
low to medium infection
PHTslB_M_cm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
light purple
2
StrigaPN_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DMSev_E_1to9
open
4
3
dense
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DiabroticaDmg_E_1to5
LRollSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FusSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
100KW
GW_DW_g100grn
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GY_Adj_kgha
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
SteWiltInc_Cmp_pct
very strong
9
cylindrical
1
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GxE
GTW_M_lbbsh
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
LSucrose_M_umolg
CIMMYT
4
susceptible, disease symptoms covering upto 70%
GTex_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CSCMSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
HSmutInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DiatraeaDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SLodgInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FgramSRInc_Cmp_pct
StdGerm_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PDMInc_Cmp_pct
TslGlBAnCol_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSmutSev_E_1to5
2
compact
GProt_NIRS_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
YLChl_M_CCI
CIMMYT
Ant_Date_ymd
AD
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
3
purple
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GY_Rank_number
GY_DW_gPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
BwSpotSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
FmonSRSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SCMVInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GMoi_NIRS_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CSCInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PLSSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
1
green
other
5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MSVInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MSVSev_E_1to5
Chl_M_CCI
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
2
secondary
6
white cap
clean, no damage
1
very low infection
2
CIMMYT
BLSBSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
RABA_M_ngg
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BwSpotSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
StBorDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DMSInc_Ct_plntPlot
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GY_FW_lbPlot
GxE
CIMMYT
TslGlAnCol_E_1to2
CRustSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ShtPub_E_1to3
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GOil_NIRS_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FmonSRInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MRCVInc_Ct_plntPlot
slightly (20%) damaged
2
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
FgramERSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
CSucrose_M_umolg
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SilkLng_M_cm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MCob_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
2
turgid leaves
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MSVSev_E_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PHFL_M_cm
1
white
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
AflavERSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
GY_FW_tha
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
4
drooping
BusseolaDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ELW_M_g
colorless
1
ERInc_Ct_earPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
2
intermediate
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PHvst_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
4
purple
HskCov_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PVig_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
good germination (70-89%)
2
medium infection
5
medium
2
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GW_DW_g1000grn
1000KW
TGW
TKW
semi-hard and semi-transparent grains
2
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
LProline_M_ugg
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
HSmutSev_E_1to9
3
high ear position
semi-floury (morocho), with an external layer of hard endoseprm.
2
MRFVInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
BLSBSev_E_pct
CobGlAnCol_E_1to9
CIMMYT
moderately (50% ) infested
3
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FusERSev_E_pct
ELng_M_cm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
OA_M_Mpa
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
UpESh_E_1to4
2
vigorous
4
rounded
CIMMYT
GProline_M_mgg
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
white
1
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslBN_Ct_branch
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PpolySev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
FmonSRSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GStarch_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
95%
2
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GLSSev_E_1to9
good
2
SdlngDisInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
AspERSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SdlngVig_E_1to5
CIMMYT
EPo_Cmp_ratio
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SilkAnCol_E_1to5
RLodgInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AphDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
slightly (20%) infested
2
CIMMYT
EndoTrp_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GABA_M_pgg
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
DMSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BmaySev_E_1to5
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GABA_M_ugg
CIMMYT
1
lax
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MD
Mat_Date_ymd
EN_Ct_earPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
round
4
reddish
4
HSmutSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
excellent germination (90-100%)
1
2
cream
5
soft and opaque grains
long
4
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSSSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
pop
7
AspERSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
5
orange
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MCob_Cmp_pct
1-10% dead leaf area
1
CIMMYT
SLodgInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
medium
5
CIMMYT
FmonERSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
brown
5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
RootCapac_M_uF
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
LErect_E_1to4
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FungDis_E_text
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ShellCobW_FW_kgPlot
4
variegated
present
2
highly (>80%) damaged
5
purple
4
DMSSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GW_FW_g1000grn
CIMMYT
GY_RelChk_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DMJInc_Cmp_pct
DTM
Mat_DT_day
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FmonERSev_E_1to5
1
no infestation
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Silk_DT_day
CIMMYT
DTS
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BSDMInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EHvst_Ct_earPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CharRInc_Ct_plntPlot
DMVInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AnthesisGDU
Ant_Cmp_Cday
EW_FW_kgPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
6
flint
11-20% dead leaf area
2
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DTA
Ant_DT_day
100%
1
light green
1
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MSVSev_E_1to9
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GIron_M_ppm
PsacchInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GZinc_M_ppm
HSmutInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSSSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
TslTyp_E_1to3
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EN_Cmp_earplnt
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
white
1
SRInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LGBDmg_E_1to5
LAsh_NIRS_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
TslBW_DW_g
CIMMYT
5
very poor germination (0-10%)
1
very short
4
semi-dent
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
StrigaDmg_E_1to5
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
FmonERSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
AflavERSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
not severely rolled leaves
4
1
unrolled
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GLSSev_E_1to5
5
41-50% dead leave area
MAIZE ontology
TslBlastSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LateWiltInc_Ct_plntPlot
brown
5
CIMMYT
PLSSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
very weak to weak
2
8
strong to very strong
CSSSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
GY_RGY_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Shell_Cmp_ratio
LAsh_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
LSucrose_M_mgg
CIMMYT
sweet
8
intermediate grain hardness
3
EndoHard_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
EturcSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GY_FW_kgha
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslGlBAnCol_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
TRustSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
2
conical-cylindrical
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EW_FW_gPlot
low ear position
1
3
mixed
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PpolySev_E_1to5
weak
4
2
indented
no dead leaf area
0
5
dent
GTrp_NIRS_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
4
semi-soft and semi-opaque grains
large
1
CIMMYT
CSmutInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GY_DW_kgha
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
3
medium
CIMMYT
MLNSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
5
postrate
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BHskCovInc_E_pct
CIMMYT
EndoLys_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
erect
1
2
bronze
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AstriInc_Cmp_pct
primary-secondary-tertiary
3
1
absent or very weak
sun red
2
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EndoProt_M_pct
6
strongly pointed
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GLys_M_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BwSpotSev_E_1to9
1
regular
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GxE
EWid_M_mm
EndoCol_E_1to6
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GW_Adj_g1000grn
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
FmonSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
RustSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
5
very weak
Significantly (70%) infested
4
BactSRInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
3
red
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EAsp_E_1to5
small
3
TslOpen_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
5
severely rolled leaves, undesirable
8
white cap
entity
Semi-flint, flint with a soft cap
5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GRArr_E_1to4
CIMMYT
3
weak
3
intermediate
3
moderate level of blasting
3
21-30% dead leaf area
highly resistant, clean no (%) infection
1
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GTyp_E_1to11
MLNSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AntAnCol_E_1to2
CIMMYT
poor germination (11-29%)
4
Sen_E_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Opaque 2/QPM
9
5
severly infested
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
ALBInc_Cmp_pct
pale yellow
3
GAsh_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
1
very vigorous
SmaySev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
3
dense
1
very compact
intermediate germination (30-69%)
3
3
semi horizontal
Tillering_Ct_tllrplnt
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
level
3
very poor
5
3
dark green
PDMInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
EturcSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
HSmutSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
1
flint
GW_FW_g100grn
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
1
sparse
ELng_M_mm
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GxE
51-60% dead leave area
6
irregular
2
excellent
1
6
medium to strong
4
31-40% dead leaf area
normal
2
1
primary
very long
5
cylindrical-conical
2
4
weak to medium
4
Significantly (70%) damaged
green
2
2
semi erect
colorless
1
attribute
3
dent
3
intermediate
3
conical
8
very high infection
71-80% dead leave area
8
2
grayyish white
moderately (50% ) damaged
3
1
present
4
Semi-dent, intermediate between dent and flint but closer to dent
weak
2
purple
5
very high level of blasting
5
semi-flint
2
low infection
3
3
red
shrunken
1
acronym
3
desirable
3
dark purple
2
ear around mid-plant
2
short
Observe the plants that are affected by maize streak virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
MSVSev - Estimation
%
GLSSev - Estimation
Observe GLS severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
PHFL - Measurement
Recommended to take multiple plants and measure the height between the base of a plant to the ligule of the flag leaf, enter the data individually in the FieldBook and calculate the average.
EN - Computation
Compute number of ears using the formula.
Record the date when excised kernels are longitudinally cut to expose a black internal abscission layer at the base of the kernel that signals the kernel has ceased to absorb nutrients or moisture from the mother plants.
Maturity date - Estimation
Bacterial stalk rot incidence
BactSRInc
Bacterial stalk rot incidence
Bacterial stalk rot (Erwinia chrysanthemi) incidence.
1-3 size scale
Shelled cob weight
ShellCobW
Weight of shelled cob.
weight or yield
RProl
Root proline content
Proline content in the root.
Proline content
Grain yield per unit area, either field weight basis, dry weight basis or adjusted to 12.5% grain moisture.
GY
Grain yield
yield
Standard method for tassel exertion
TslExer - Estimation
1-5 Leaf color scale
Standard method for ear growth rate.
EGrwR - Computation
Ear leaf senescence time.
ear leaf senescence time
Ear leaf senescence time
ELSen
CSmutInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by the common smut per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
kg/ha
Ear harvested number
Number of ears harvested.
harvested number
EHvst
Plant height
height
PH
Plant height from the base to the top part (in reproductive stages to the top of the tassel).
Sheath pubescence
ShtPub
Presence and intensity of hairs on the surface of the leaf sheath.
pubescence
Observe fusarium ear rot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
FusERSev - Estimation
1-3 Ear shape scale
1-6 Grain upper surface shape scale
Grain zinc content
Whole-grain zinc content.
Zinc content
GZinc
AstriInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by black bundle per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Anthocyanin coloration
AntCol
Anther Anthocyanin coloration
Anthocyanin coloration of anthers.
Observe the plants per plot with the leaves rolled.
LRollSev - Estimation
TslGlBCol
Anthocyanin coloration
Tassel glumes base Anthocyanin coloration
Anthocyanin coloration at base of tassel glumes.
day
Anthocyanin coloration
Tassel Anthocyanin coloration
Anthocyanin coloration of tassel.
TslCol
Divide the total numbers of plants with lodged stems by number of plants harvested.
SLodgInc - Computation
Standard method for sheath pubescence content.
ShtPub - Estimation
TslSiz
Tassel size
size
Tassel size.
PLSSev
Phaeosphaeria leaf spot (Phaeosphaeria maydis) severity.
Phaeosphaeria leaf spot severity
Phaeosphaeria leaf spot severity
uniformity
Uniformity of plants.
Plant uniformity
PUnif
BLSBSev - Estimation
Observe banded leaf and sheath blight severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
PERSev
Penicillium ear rot severity
Penicillium ear rot severity
Penicillium ear rot severity.
SmaySev - Estimation
Observe stenocarpella ear rot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Maize dwarf mosaic virus incidence
Maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV) incidence.
Maize dwarf mosaic virus incidence
DMVInc
Divide the total number of StenSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
StenSRInc - Computation
Maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais) incidence on grain.
Maize weevil incidence
WeevInc
Maize weevil incidence
opening
Tassel angle.
Tassel opening
TslOpen
row/ear
1-4 Ear shape scale
SilkLng - Measurement
Standard method for silk length.
Ear length.
length
ELng
Ear length
Days to ear leaf senescence date - Computation
Number of days from sowing to when 50% of the plants have a dry ear leaf. Count the number of days from sowing to when 50% of the plants have a dry ear leaf. Also, it can be calculated using sowing and ear leaf senescence date.
Proline content in the leaf.
Proline content
Leaf proline content
LProline
ELChl - Measurement
Standard method for ear leaf chlorophyll content.
Ear shelling ratio
1-9 disease scoring scale
BusseolaDmg
Busseola damage
Busseola damage
Plant damage caused by Busseola larvae.
1-9 Anthocyanin coloration scale
WeevInc - Estimation
Score maize weevil damage on the plants per plot.
Standard method for plant vigor
PVig - Estimation
Plant vigor.
vigor
Plant vigor
PVig
Count the number of plants that are affected by anthracnose leaf blight per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
ALBInc - Counting
Endosperm color
color
EndoCol
Color of the endosperm.
test weight
Grain test weight
Grain test weight of mature kernels.
GTW
HskCov
Ear husk cover observed as degree of the husk covering the tip of the ear.
husk cover
Ear husk cover
Â¡C day
Average of 10 consecutive grains from one row in the middle of the uppermost ear, measured with calliper.
GLng - Measurement
Divide the total number of MSV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
MSVInc - Computation
Late wilt (Cephalosporium maydis) incidence.
LateWiltInc
Late wilt incidence
Late wilt incidence
g/200grain
Seedling disease incidence.
Seedling disease incidence
SdlngDisInc
Seedling disease incidence
Aleurone color
color
Color of the aleurone.
AleuCol
Shelling ratio
The ratio of grain to total ear weight.
Shell
Ear shelling ratio
cm/day
1-5 Stem color scale
Score the plants per plot combining several agronomical and morphological characters of plants such plant height, ear height, stem/root loading. Note: Combination of traits usually differ from one breeder to another depending on type of study.
PAsp - Estimation
1-5 damage scoring scale
Recommended to take 6 alternating plants per plot and measure the height between the base of a plant to the insertion of the top (uppermost) ear of the same plant, enter the data individually in the FieldBook and calculate the average.
EH - Measurement
number
Number of branches on tassel.
Tassel branch number
TslBN
CobGlAnCol - Estimation
Standard method for cob tassel Anthocyanin coloration. The anthocyanin Anthocyanin colorationation should be observed on the middle third of the uppermost cob, after the removal of some of the grains.
Number of days required from seeding to grain ripening. Also, it can be calculated using sowing and maturity date.
Days to maturity - Computation
LateWiltInc - Computation
Divide the total number of LateWilt damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
ELW
Weight of ear leaf (blade).
weight
Ear leaf weight
GProt - Computation
Standard method for whole-grain protein content. % Protein = % of nitrogen x 6.25
Stem borer damage
StBorDmg
Stem borer damage
Stem borer damage includes different stem borers such as Chilo partellus, Sesamia spp. and Spodoptera.
GOil - Measurement
Standard method for oil content
0-1 absent-present scale
Standard method for tassel anthers Anthocyanin coloration. The observation should be made in the middle third of the main branch on fresh anthers.
AntAnCol - Estimation
Maize bushy stunt severity
Maize bushy stunt severity
Maize bushy stunt (caused by mycoplasma like organism, MLO) severity.
CSCMSev
Standard method for ear leaf length.
ELLng - Measurement
MRFVInc - Computation
Divide the total number of MRFV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
EndoHard - Estimation
Determine quality of endosperm such as hardness in the lab and use 1-5 to scale to score it.
CobGlCol
Color of the cob glumes.
Cob glumes color
color
Observe penicillium ear rot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
PERSev - Estimation
TslTyp
branching type
Branching type of tassel.
Tassel branching type
GABA
Abscisic acid content
Abscisic acid content in the grain.
Grain abscisic acid content
GW Adjusted - Computation
Compute grain weigh adjuted to 12.5% moisture.
ear/plot
Days to anthesis - Computation
Number of days from sowing to when 50% of the plants shed pollen. Observe a known number of plants carefully (guideline: N = 20 for inbred lines or hybrids; N = 35 for open pollinated varieties) at the same time each day until 50% of the plants in the plot have produced at least one visible anther and score the number of days from sowing. Also, it can be calculated using sowing and anthesis date.
Grain width
width
Grain width.
GWid
BHskCovInc - Computation
Divide the total number of ears with bad husk cover by the total number of ears harvested.
CSucrose
Sucrose content
Cob sucrose content
Sucrose content in the cob
Calculated as growing-degree units or growing degree days between sowing and 50% anthesis.
Growing degree days to anthesis - Computation
TslBlastSev - Estimation
Standard method for tassel blasting.
CSmutSev
Common smut severity
Common smut (Ustilago maydis, syn. U. zeae) severity.
Common smut severity
GTW - Computation
Standard method for grain test weight.
Starch content
GStarch
Whole-grain starch content.
Grain starch content
Anthesis date - Estimation
Date when 50% of the plants shed pollen. Observe a known number of plants carefully (guideline: N = 20 for inbred lines or hybrids; N = 35 for open pollinated varieties) at the same time each day until 50% of the plants in the plot have produced at least one visible anther and record the date.
Harvest all ears in a plot (or row), put them in the nylon bag and record weight. If at all possible, delay harvest of maize until its moisture content is low (15-25%).
EarW Dry weight - Measurement
ppb
Leaf ash content
Ash content
Ash content in maize leaves.
LAsh
LRollSev
Severity of leaf rolling, usually scored under drought stress.
rolling severity
Leaf rolling severity
Maize streak virus incidence
Maize streak virus incidence
MSVInc
Maize streak virus incidence (MSV) incidence.
mg/g
Shell the grains (kernels) from the ears harvested per plot and put grains in a paper bag and dry at 60-70Â¡C for 1-2 days, then measure and record the weight of dried grain.
DW GY - Measurement
EWid
Ear width
Ear width.
width
Observe tropical severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
TRustSev - Estimation
Crazy top downy mildew incidence
CTMInc
Crazy top (Sclerophthora macrospora) incidence.
Crazy top downy mildew incidence
1-3 Ear position scale
Earworm damage
Ear worm (Heliothis) damage.
EWormDmg
Earworm damage
CSmutSev - Estimation
Observe common smut severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
GWLostWeev - Measurement
Seed weight loss was determined using the count and weight method of Gwinner et al (1996). Weight loss (%) = (Wu x Nd) - (Wd x Nu) x 100 / Wu x (Nd + Nu) where Wu=weight of the undamaged seed, Nu = number of undamaged seed, Wd = Weight of damaged seed, and Nd=Number of damaged seed.
Count the number of ear damage caused by earworm per plot.
EWormInc - Counting
SilkGrwR
Growth rate of silk.
Silk growth rate
growth rate
DiatraeaDmg - Estimation
Observe the plant damage caused by Diatraea plot.
Divide the total number of FusSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
FusSRInc - Computation
Fusarium ear rot severity
Fusarium ear rot severity
Fusarium ear rot severity.
FusERSev
1-9 Grain color scale
g/plot
Divide the total number of HSmut damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
HSmutInc - Computation
AWormDmg - Estimation
Observe the plant damage caused by army worms per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
DMVSev - Estimation
Observe maize dwarf mosaic virus severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Ears bad husk cover incidence.
Ear bad husk cover incidence
BHskCovInc
bad husk cover incidence
Standard method for standard germination
StdGerm - Estimation
LLng - Measurement
Measure the leaf which subtends the uppermost ear from ligule to apex.
Charcoal rot or (Macrophomina phaseolina) incidence.
CharRInc
Charcoal rot incidence
Charcoal rot incidence
MLNSev - Estimation
Observe maize lethal necrosis severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
canopy temperature
Canopy temperature.
CT
Canopy temperature
MLNSev
Maize lethal necrosis severity
Maize lethal necrosis severity
Maize lethal necrosis (MLN) severity.
1-3 Tassel density scale
1-3 Tassel branching type scale
Fusarium stalk rot incidence.
Fusarium stalk rot incidence
FusSRInc
Fusarium stalk rot incidence
ug/g
SilkGrwR - Computation
Standard method for silk growth rate.
Number of days from sowing to when 50% of the plants silk. Also, it can be calculated using sowing and silking date.
DTS - Computation
Divide the total number of EWDMG damaged ears by the total number of plants harvested.
EWormInc - Computation
plant/plot
Stenocarpella ear rot severity
Stenocarpella (=Diplodia) ear rot severity.
SmaySev
Stenocarpella ear rot severity
Estimation of root mass at the end of the stress using an electrical capacitance meter.
capacitance
RootCapac
Root capacitance
1-5 Endosperm hardness scale
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area adjusted to 12.5% grain moisture.
Adjusted GY - Computation
PDMInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by philippine downy mildew per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Observe tarspot complex severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
TSCSev - Estimation
Abscisic acid content
LABA
Abscisic acid content in the leaf.
Leaf abscisic acid content
Standard method for canopy temperature.
CT - Measurement
weevil
Standard method for leaf erectness
LErect - Estimation
Maydis leaf blight severity
Maydis leaf blight severity
BmaySev
Maydis leaf blight (Bipolaris maydis = Helminthosporium maydis) severity.
SLodgInc - Counting
Count the number of plants with the stem lodged. The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
1-5 Tassel exertion scale
Army worm damage
Army worm damage
Army worm (syn. Spodoptera exempta) damage.
AWormDmg
1-2 absent-present scale
1-5 Standard germination scale
SRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of SRot damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
1-5 disease scoring scale
SCond - Measurement
Measured with a portable porometer. Take the measures in the middle between leaf tip and leaf base, and in between leaf midrib and leaf rim. Blade sections measured must to be exposed to sunlight for at least the 30 minutes before. Measurements always performed in the same side of the leaf (usually the lower or abaxial one). One measurement per leaf, and at least 3 per plot. 1 min per measurement.
RLodgInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that show root lodging and record data in filedbook. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
FusSRInc - Counting
Count the plants that are affected by fusarium stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
TslExer
exertion
Tassel exertion.
Tassel exertion
Observe plants carefully and record date when 50% of plants within a plot area have silks visible (female flowering date). This is determined on a daily basis by counting the number of plants with at least one silk extruded divided by the total number of plants in the plot.
Silking date - Estimation
color
Pericarp color
PericCol
Color of the pericarp.
color
Color of the grain.
GCol
Grain color
UpESh
shape
Uppermost ear shape
Shape of uppermost ear whether cylindrical or cylindrical-conical or conical or round.
Corn stunt complex (corn stunt spiroplasma, maize bushy stunt phytoplasma [= mycoplasma], maize rayado fino virus) incidence.
Corn stunt incidence
Corn stunt incidence
CSCInc
Divide the total number of BSDM damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
BSDMInc - Computation
Observe bacterial leaf stripe severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
BCLSSev - Estimation
Leaf stomatal conductance
Stomatal conductance
Stomatal conductance
SCond
Observe the plant damage caused by Diabrotica per plot.
DiabroticaDmg - Estimation
Pythium stalk rot incidence
PytSRInc
Pythium stalk rot (Pythium spp.) incidence.
Pythium stalk rot incidence
Observe the ears damage caused by ear rot and/or insects per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
EDmg - Estimation
Downy mildew severity
Downy mildew severity
DMSev
Downy mildews (several species of the genera Peronosclerospora, Sclerospora, and Sclerophthora) severity.
GTex
Grain texture
Grain texture as a measure of the variation on the intensity of a surface, quantifying properties such as smoothness, coarseness and regularity of the grain.
texture
Standard method for maize weevil number in a sample. Weevils were counted only once (at the end of a 45-d incubation period)
WeevN - Counting
NIRS LAsh - Measurement
NIRS method for leaves ash content
Fusarium graminearum ear rot severity.
FgramERSev
Fusarium graminearum ear rot severity
Fusarium graminearum ear rot severity
Divide the total number of Chupon plants by the total number of plants harvested.
MCob - Computation
Observe the plants that are damaged by any fungal diseases.
FungDis - Estimation
aspect
Observation of harvested ears based on some morphological and agronomical characters such as ear size, total numbers of ear harvested per plot, ear damaged caused by insects or/and diseases.
Ear aspect
EAsp
FgramSRInc
Fusarium graminearum stalk rot incidence
Fusarium graminearum stalk rot incidence.
Fusarium graminearum stalk rot incidence
StemCol - Estimation
Observe the stem color between the two topmost ears.
MSVInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize streak virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
1-3 density scale
1-3 Plant uniformity scale
Count the number of plants that are affected by head smut per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
HSmutInc - Counting
Lysine content
Endosperm Lysine content
EndoLys
Lysine content in grain endosperm.
1-11 Grain type scale
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area calculated in dry weight basis.
Dry weight basis GY - Computation
StrigaPN
Plant number
Number of Striga hermonthica plants.
Striga plant number
Endosperm hardness
hardness
EndoHard
Endosperm hardness.
YLChl
Chlorophyll content
Young leaf chlorophyll content
Chlorophyll content in the young leaf.
FmonSRInc - Counting
Count the plants that are affected by fusarium moniliforme stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
FgramERSev - Estimation
Observe fusarium graminearum ear rot severity on ears per plot based on degree of infection.
GNC - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain Nitrogen content
Turcicum leaf blight severity
EturcSev
Turcicum leaf blight (Exserohilum turcicum = Helminthosporium turcicum) severity.
Turcicum leaf blight severity
Count the number of plants that are affected by mal de rio cuarto virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
MRCVInc - Counting
Endosperm protein content
EndoProt
Protein content
Protein content in grain endosperm.
Leaf length.
length
Leaf length
LLng
GIron - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain iron content.
MSTVInc - Computation
Divide the total number of MSTV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
stand
Plant stand
Number of plants per unit area.
PStand
1-5 WeevDmgInc scale
Observe rust severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
RustSev - Estimation
Bacterial leaf stripe (Pseudomonas rubrilinians) severity.
BCLSSev
Bacterial leaf stripe severity
Bacterial leaf stripe severity
Silking time.
Silking time
silking time
Silk
TslBlastSev
Tassel blasting severity
Observation of blasting severity of the tassel (necrosis due to heat stress) at the time of flowering. It occurs under extreme temperatures and drought.
blasting severity
Count the number of plants that are affected by brown stripe downy mildew per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
BSDMInc - Counting
Sen - Estimation
Observe dead leaf area per plant/plot and rate.
Tropical rust (Physopella zeae) severity.
Tropical rust severity
TRustSev
Tropical rust severity
Observe maydis leaf blight severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
BmaySev - Estimation
EarW Individual - Measurement
Harvest a mature upper ear and measure its weight
t/ha
Silk length
Silk length.
length
SilkLng
Shell the grains (kernels) from the ears harvested per plot and put grains in a paper bag and dry at 60-70Â¡C for 1-2 days, then measure and record the weight of dried grain.
DW GY - Measurement
g/100grain
Ear grain rows arrangement.
Grain row arrangement
grain row arrangement
GRArr
GAsh - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain ash content
EturcSev - Estimation
Observe turcicum leaf blight severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
SRInc
Stalk rot incidence
Stalk rot (multiple pathogens or an unidentified pathogen) incidence.
Stalk rot incidence
Observe the endosperm color, when applicable, on at least 20 representative plants per accession.
EndoCol - Estimation
GGlucose
Glucose content in the grain.
Glucose content
Grain glucose content
Growing degree days to maturity - Computation
Calculated as growing-degree units or growing degree days between sowing and maturity.
Gray leaf spot (Cercospora zeae-maydis) severity.
GLSSev
Gray leaf spot severity
Gray leaf spot severity
Observe the plant damage caused by stem borer per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
StBorDmg - Estimation
PDMInc - Computation
Divide the total number of PDM damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
height to insertion of first tassel branch
Plant height from the base to the insertion of the first tassel branch.
PHTslB
Plant height to insertion of first tassel branch
Ear damage
EDmg
Ear damage caused by ear rot and/or insects, etc.
Ear damage
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize stripe virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
MSTVInc - Counting
DMSSev - Estimation
Observe sorghum downy mildew severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Ear number.
number
Ear number
EN
Standard method for leaves ash content
LAsh- Measurement
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot severity
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot severity.
FmonSRSev
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot severity
Score the tassels based on size using 1-3 categorical scale.
TslSiz - Estimation
Meaure ear width.
EWid - Measurement
Chlorophyll content in the ear leaf.
Ear leaf chlorophyll content
Chlorophyll content
ELChl
Maize rayado fino virus incidence
Maize rayado fino virus (MRFV) incidence.
Maize rayado fino virus incidence
MRFVInc
Nitrogen content
Grain Nitrogen content
GNC
Whole-grain Nitrogen content.
CLSSev - Estimation
Observe curvularia leaf spot severity on plants per plot based on the degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Osmotic adjustment
osmotic adjustment
Osmotic adjustment as ability of the plant to adjust the osmotic potential under stress conditions.
OA
Scored for severity of lodging.
LodgInc - Estimation
CobGlCol
Anthocyanin coloration
Anthocyanin coloration of cob glumes.
Cob glumes Anthocyanin coloration
BactSRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of BactSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Chilo damage
Chilo damage
ChiloDmg
Chilo (Chilo partellus) damage.
1-5 Aleurone color scale
LateWiltInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by late wilt per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
SteWiltInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by stewart wilt per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
MCob
multiple cob incidence
Incidence of multiple cobs, as plants that have multiple ears arising from a single node.
Multiple cob incidence
CharRInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by charcoal rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize rough dwarf virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
MRDVInc - Counting
PHvst - Counting
Count the total number of plants harvested per plot/entry.
Aflatoxin content
Aflatoxin content
Aflatox
Grain Aflatoxins content produced by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus.
EndoProt - Measurement
Standard method for endosperm protein content.
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize bushy stunt per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
MRFVInc - Counting
Use formula to calculate ear sheeling ratio.
Shell - Computation
Standard method for water index.
WI - Measurement
GUpSSh - Estimation
Observe the shape of the upper surface of grain, when applicable, on at least 20 representative plants per accession, after harvest.
LWid
Leaf width.
width
Leaf width
Count and weigh grains randomly selected from the total grains.
GW FW - Measurement
AleuCol - Estimation
Observe the aleurone color, when applicable, on at least 20 representative plants per accession.
TslAnCol - Estimation
Standard method for tassel Anthocyanin coloration.
Observe downy mildew severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
DMSev - Estimation
The number of maize weevils (Sitophilus zeamais) hatching and emerging from an infested grain sample within a given period. Large values indicate susceptibility to grain weevils, small values indicate partial resistance to grain weevils.
WeevN
Maize weevil number in Grain
Maize weevil number
GCol - Estimation
Count total number of grain rows in the ear.
cm
Maize stripe virus (MSTV) incidence.
Maize stripe virus incidence
MSTVInc
Maize stripe virus incidence
Observe fusarium moniliforme stalk rot severity on plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
FmonSRSev - Estimation
Root sucrose content
RSucrose
Sucrose content
Sucrose content in the root.
HSmutSev - Estimation
Observe head smut severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
LCol
color
Leaf color
Color of the leaf.
Plant height from the base to the ligule of the flag leaf.
Plant height to ligule of the flag leaf
height to ligule of the flag leaf
PHFL
Grain oil content
Oil content
Whole-grain oil content.
GOil
Lodging incidence
Observation of lodging severity.
lodging incidence
LodgInc
EPo - Estimation
Determine ear position using 1-3 scale.
Standard method for endosperm lysin content.
EndoLys - Measurement
Busseola incidence
BusseolaInc
Busseola damage incidence
Busseola larvae incidence.
1-5 Leaf rolling severity scale
Count the number of ears.
EN - Counting
yyyymmdd
Banded leaf and sheath blight (Rhizoctonia solani f. sp. sasakii) severity.
BLSBSev
Banded leaf and sheath blight severity
Banded leaf and sheath blight severity
RLodgInc
Root lodging incidence
Root lodging incidence. The plants that show root lodging, i.e. those stems that are inclining by more than 45Â¡.
root lodging incidence
GTrp - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain tryptophan content.
vigor
SdlngVig
Seedling vigor
Seedling vigor.
Divide the total number of PytSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
PytSRInc - Computation
Count the total number of ears with bad husk cover.
BHskCovInc - Counting
osmotic potential
A measure of the potential of water to move between regions of differing concentrations across a water-permeable membrane.
OP
Osmotic potential
Observe aspergillus ear rot severity on the harvested ears per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
AspERSev - Estimation
1-5 Tassel blasting severity scale
Maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV) severity.
Maize dwarf mosaic virus severity
DMVSev
Maize dwarf mosaic virus incidence
NIRS GOil - Measurement
NIRS method for oil content
Standard method for whole-grain zinc content.
GZinc - Measurement
Measure sample weight of grains per plot after harvest, record dry weight of the same samples and calculate grain moisture content for each sample using formula: 100*(Wt of sample - Dry Weight)/Wt of sample.
GMoi - Computation
EAsp - Estimation
Harvest ears per plot (eliminate first and last plants to avoid border effects) and score ear aspect combining several ear-associated traits. Note: Combination of traits usually differs from one breeder to another depending on type of study.
TslGlAnCol - Estimation
Standard method for glumes tassel Anthocyanin coloration. The measurement should exclude the bases of the glumes.
DMSInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by sorghum downy mildew per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
AphDmg - Estimation
Observe the plant damage caused by aphids per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
1-5 Vigor scale
branch
Observe brown spot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
BwSpotSev - Estimation
ELLng
Ear leaf (blade) length.
length
Ear leaf length
RLodgInc - Computation
Divide the total number of plants that are root lodged due to weak soil or poorly developed anchorage roots by the total number of plants that are harvested.
Senescence
Leaf senescence.
senescence
Sen
g/1000grain
Measure moisture of a grain sample using NIRS moisture analyzer.
NIRS Moi - Measurement
WI
Water index
water index
A ratio between the reflectance at a water band wavelength to a nearby reference wavelength where there is no absorption due to water content variability.
uF
density
Density of spikelets.
TslDen
Tassel density
Text
Divide the total number of SteWilt damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
SteWiltInc - Computation
RABA
Root abscisic acid content
Abscisic acid content in the root.
Abscisic acid content
Aflatox - Measurement
Standard method for aflatoxin content.
Observe polysora rust severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
PpolySev - Estimation
Diatraea damage
Diatraea damage
Plant damage caused by Diatraea species.
DiatraeaDmg
TslBN - Counting
Standard method for tassel branches number.
Measure, when applicable, ear length of at least 20 representative plants per accession, record the data in the fieldbook.
ELng - Measurement
Observe color of grains.
GCol - Estimation
Maize streak virus severity
MSVSev
Maize streak virus severity (MSV) severity.
Maize streak virus severity
lb/plot
Endosperm Tryptophan content
Tryptophan content in grain endosperm.
EndoTrp
Tryptophan content
Mpa
Standard method for young leaf chlorophyll content.
YLChl - Measurement
Anthesis time.
Ant
Anthesis time
anthesis time
ChiloDmg - Estimation
Observe the plant damage caused by chilo per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Thickness of the grain.
GThk
Grain thickness
thickness
Standard method for tassel branches dry weight.
TslBW - Measurement
Optimum number of measurements: i) Vegetative stage: Weekly measurements from 2 to 6 weeks after planting; ii) Flowering: only for inbred lines.
NDVI - Measurement
Count the number plants that are damaged by busseola (african stem borer) per plot.
BusseolaInc - Counting
Standard method for tassel density
TslDen - Estimation
Leaf erectness
LErect
erectness
Insertion angle of the leaves.
Count the number of tillers per plant (average of more than 20 representative) plants.
Tillering - Counting
1-5 Tassel opening scale
1-5 Anthocyanin coloration scale
Standard germination.
Standard germination
Standard germination
StdGerm
Grain weight of mature kernels.
GW
Grain weight
weight
Proline - Measurement
Standard method for proline content.
Calculated as relative grain yield agaisnst the best check in percentage.
Relative to check - Computation
Ear growth rate
EGrwR
Growth rate of the ear(s) on a plant. It may include the sum of the apical and sub-apical ear growth from prolific plants.
growth rate
RustSev
Rust severity
Multiple rust pathogens severity.
Rust severity
Ear rot incidence.
ERInc
Ear rot incidence
Ear rot incidence
Count number of days from planting date to anthesis and silking to determine days to anthesis (DTA) and days to silking (DTS), respectively and determine anthesis silking interval (ASI) by calculating: ASI = DTS-DTA.
ASI - Computation
CSCInc - Counting
Count the total number of plants that are affected by corn stunt complex per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Divide the total number of SeedlingDis affected plants by the total number of plants harvested.
SdlngDisInc - Computation
Standard method for osmotic adjustment.
OA - Measurement
Â¡C
GTrp
Tryptophan content
Whole-grain Tryptophan content.
Grain Tryptophan content
photochemical radiation index
PRI
Photochemical radiation index. A canopy reflectance index indicating photosynthetic radiation use efficiency.
Photochemical radiation index
GStarch - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain starch content.
PytSRInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by pythium stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Chl
Leaf chlorophyll content.
Chlorophyll content
Chlorophyll content
ng/Âµg
SRInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Count total number of plants per plot.
PStand - Counting
1-5 Pericarp color scale
TslOpen - Estimation
Standard method for tassel opening
Common smut incidence
Common smut incidence
CSmutInc
Common smut (Ustilago maydis, syn. U. zeae)incidence.
1-3 Cob color scale
Divide the total number of CSC damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
CSCInc - Computation
CSSSev - Estimation
Observe fusarium graminearum ear rot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection.
Glucose content
Root glucose content
RGlucose
Glucose content in the root.
EarW Field weight - Measurement
Harvest all ears in a plot (or row), put them in the nylon bag and dry at 60-70Â¡C for 1-2 days, then measure and record the weight of dried ears.
Shell the grains (kernels) from the ears harvested per plot and record fresh (field) weight.
FW GY - Measurement
TSCSev
Tar spot complex severity
Tar spot complex severity
Tar spot complex (Phyllachora maydis, Monographella maydis) severity.
index
Anthocyanin coloration of tassel glumes excluding the bases of the glumes.
TslGlCol
Tassel glumes Anthocyanin coloration
Anthocyanin coloration
Ear position ratio
AphDmg
Aphids (Rhopalosiphum maidis) damage.
Aphid damage
Aphid damage
SdlngDisInc - Counting
Count the seedling that are affected by seedling diseases per plot.
Divide the total number of FgramSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
FgramSRInc - Computation
SCMVInc - Computation
Divide the total number of SCMV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Weight of mature upper ear, including cob and kernels, and at a defined moisture content, although often this is not provided.
Ear weight
weight
EW
Earworm incidence
EWormInc
Ear worm (Heliothis) incidence.
Earworm incidence
DMVInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize dwarf mosaic virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Head smut incidence
Head smut incidence
Head smut (Sphacelotheca reiliana) incidence.
HSmutInc
Plant height from base to the insertion of the top (uppermost) ear.
EH
height to insertion of uppermost ear
Ear height
Plant aspect
PAsp
aspect
Qualitative observation of plant ideotype. In another word, it rates characteristics such as plant and ear height, uniformity of plants, disease and insect damage, and lodging.
Standard method for earworm damage measured in cm of feeding. 0 - no ear damage, 1 - 1 cm, + 1 for each additional cm of feeding
EWormDmg - Measurement
Maturity time.
Mat
Maturity time
maturity time
Large grain borer (Prostephanus truncatus) damage.
Large grain borer damage
Large grain borer damage
LGBDmg
Observe aspergillus flavus ear rot severity on the harvested ears per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
AflavERSev - Estimation
Count the number of plants that have more than one ear growing from the same node.
MCob - Counting
OP - Measurement
Standard method for osmotic potential.
Chl - Measurement
Measured with a portable chlorophyll meter (e.g. SPAD). Take the average measure from leaves of six alternating plants and use always leaves of similar insertion level.
Sorghum downy mildew incidence
Sorghum downy mildew incidence
Sorghum downy mildew (Peronosclerospora sorghi) incidence.
DMSInc
StenSRInc
Stenocarpella stalk rot incidence
Stenocarpella (=Diplodia) stalk rot incidence.
Stenocarpella stalk rot incidence
Sugarcane mosaic virus incidence
Sugarcane mosaic virus incidence
SCMVInc
Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) incidence.
Observe the ears hask cover and rate it.
HskCov - Estimation
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area calculated in fresh (field) weight basis.
FW GY - Computation
PsacchInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by sugarcane downy mildew per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
GProt
Whole-grain protein content.
Protein content
Grain protein content
MRCVInc
Mal de rio cuarto virus incidence
Mal de rio cuarto virus (MRCV) incidence.
Mal de rio cuarto virus incidence
Observe common rust severity on plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
CRustSev - Estimation
FmonERSev - Estimation
Observe fusarium moniliforme ear rot severity on plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Philippine downy mildew incidence
Philippine downy mildew incidence
PDMInc
Philippine downy mildew (Peronosclerospora philippinensis) incidence.
ug/mg
Sugarcane downy mildew incidence
Sugarcane downy mildew (Peronosclerospora sacchari) incidence.
Sugarcane downy mildew incidence
PsacchInc
Proline content in the grain.
Grain proline content
Proline content
GProline
GWid - Measurement
Measure on the same 10 grains used for taking grain length measurement.
umol/g
It is calculated as the numerical position of the progeny when yields are arrenged from highest to lowest.
GYRank - Computation
MRCVInc - Computation
Divide the total number of MRCV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
DMJInc
Java downy mildew incidence
Java downy mildew (Peronosclerospora maydis) incidence.
Java downy mildew incidence
ng/g
Aspergillus flavus ear rot severity.
Aspergillus flavus ear rot severity
AflavERSev
Aspergillus flavus ear rot severity
Use ear height and plant height data of the same plants per plot and calculate the ratio. Small values indicate low ear position; large values indicate high ear position.
EPo - Computation
BwSpotSev
Brown spot severity
Brown spot (Physoderma maydis) severity.
Brown spot severity
Count the number of plants that are affected by DMJ per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
DMJInc - Counting
weight
TslBW
Tassel branch weight
Weight of tassel branches.
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area calculated in fresh (field) weight basis.
FW GY - Computation
SteWiltInc
Stewart wilt (Erwinia stewartii) incidence.
Stewarts wilt incidence
Stewarts wilt incidence
FmonSRInc
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot incidence
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot incidence
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot incidence.
Anthracnose leaf blight incidence
Anthracnose leaf blight incidence
ALBInc
Anthracnose (Colletotrichum graminicola) incidence.
Standard method for ear shape
EShape - Estimation
NDVI
Normalized difference vegetation index
normalized difference vegetation index
Canopy normalized difference vegetation index.
NIRS GAsh - Measurement
NIRS method for whole-grain ash content
GTex - Estimation
Observe the variation of the intensity of a kernel/grain surface and score grain texture based on properties such as smoothness, coarseness and regularity of the grain.
CTMInc - Computation
Divide the total number of CTM damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Maize rough dwarf virus incidence
Maize rough dwarf virus (MRDV) incidence.
MRDVInc
Maize rough dwarf virus incidence
Standard method for tassel type.
TslTyp - Estimation
ABA - Measurement
Standard method for abscisic acid content.
PpolySev
Polysora rust severity
Polysora rust severity
Polysora rust (in lowlands Puccinia polysora) severity.
ERInc - Counting
Count the total number of ears that damaged or/and rotten per plot.
PericCol - Estimation
Observe the pericarp color, when applicable, on at least 20 representative plants per accession.
Record shelled cob field weight.
ShellCobW - Measurement (duplicate)
length
GLng
Grain length.
Grain length
g
Curvularia leaf spot (Curvularia spp.) severity.
Curvularia leaf spot severity
CLSSev
Curvularia leaf spot severity
StrigaDmg - Estimation
Observe the maize plant damage caused by striga per plot.
CTMInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by CTM per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
position
Ear position
Ear position as a ratio of ear height to plant height.
EPo
Grain number
GN
number
Grain number.
0-10 Senescence scale
Shape of the upper surface of grain.
upper surface shape
Grain upper surface shape
GUpSSh
lb/bsh
Head smut (Sphacelotheca reiliana) severity.
HSmutSev
Head smut severity
Head smut severity
PRI - Measurement
Standard method for photochemical radiation index.
StrigaDmg
Damage of Striga hermonthica plants on maize plants.
Striga damage
Striga damage
ear/plant
CSCMSev - Estimation
Observe maize busy stunt severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
color
Stem color
Color of the stem.
StemCol
Relative grain yield expressed as percentage of the mean grain yield of the trial. Values above 100% indicate above-average performance; values below 100% indicate below-average performance.
RGY - Computation
Stem lodging incidence. The plants that show stem lodging, i.e. those stems that are broken below the ear.
stem lodging incidence
SLodgInc
Stem lodging incidence
1-6 Endosperm color scale
DMVInc - Computation
Divide the total number of DMV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
ppm
FgramSRInc - Counting
Count the plants that are affected by fusarium graminearum stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
EShape
Ear shape
Ear shape
shape
mmol /m2/s
EndoTrp - Measurement
Standard method for endosperm tryptophan content.
Type of grain.
type
Grain type
GTyp
Glucose - Measurement
Standard method for glucose content.
Ash content
Whole-grain ash content.
Grain ash content
GAsh
PH - Measurement
Recommended to take multiple plants and measure the height from the base of a plant to the top of the tassel, enter the data individually in the FieldBook and calculate the average.
grain/plant
g/plant/day
EHvst - Counting
Count the total number of ears harvested per plot/entry, excluding secondary ears that are extremely small.
Record date when 50% of the plants have a dry ear leaf.
Ear leaf senescence date - Computation
ERInc - Computation
Divide the total number of ears that are rotten by the total number of plants that are harvested.
CCI
1-5 Grain texture scale
tiller/plant
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area calculated in dry weight basis.
DW GY - Computation
GRArr - Estimation
Observe grain row arrangement in the harvested ears and rate 1-4 categorical scale.
Plants harvested
havested number
PHvst
Number of plants harvested per unit area.
Count the number of plants that are affected by sugarcane mosaic virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
SCMVInc - Counting
GW DW - Measurement
Count and weigh grains randomly selected from the total grains.
StrigaPN - Counting
Count the total number of emerged striga plants per plot. It is counted three times, 8 weeks, 10 weeks and 12 weeks after planting.
weight loss by maize weevil
Loss of weight of the grain samples caused by weevil (Sitophilus zeamais) feeding during a given period of incubation.
GWLostWeev
Grain weight loss by maize weevil
Rank number
Sucrose - Measurement
Standard method for sucrose content.
Standard method for whole-grain lysin content.
GLys - Measurement
LWid - Measurement
Take same leaf measured for leaf length and measure mid-way along its length.
Standard method for ear leaf weight.
ELW - Measurement
Grain moisture
Grain moisture.
moisture content
GMoi
PHTslB - Measurement
Recommended to take multiple plants and measure the height from the base of a plant to the insertion of the first tassel branch, enter the data individually in the FieldBook and calculate the average.
Divide the total number of DMS damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
DMSInc - Computation
Corn stunt spiroplasma severity.
Corn Spiroplasma stunt severity
CSSSev
Corn stunt spiroplasma severity
1-4 Leaf erectness scale
ASI
Anthesis silking interval
Anthesis silking interval.
anthesis silking interval
Count the number of plants that are affected by bacterial stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
BactSRInc - Counting
Sucrose content in the leaf
Sucrose content
Leaf sucrose content
LSucrose
Standard method for cob tassel color. The anthocyanin coloration should be observed on the middle third of the uppermost cob, after the removal of some of the grains.
CobGlCol - Estimation
Sucrose content
GSucrose
Grain sucrose content
Sucrose content in the grain
Ear diameter
Ear diameter measured at the central part of uppermost ear.
EDia
diameter
grain row number
GRN
Grain row number
Number of grain rows in the central part of the uppermost ear.
AstriInc - Computation
Divide the total number of ASTRI damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
NIRS GTrp- Measurement
NIRS method for whole-grain tryptophan content.
Divide the total number of FmonSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
FmonSRInc - Computation
PLSSev - Estimation
Observe phaeosphaeria leaf spot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Common rust severity
Severity of common rust ( Puccinia sorghi).
CRustSev
Common rust severity
Black bundle (Acremonium strictum) incidence.
AstriInc
Black bundle incidence
Black bundle incidence
pg/g
Measure the thickness of the same 10 grains used for taking grain length measurement.
GThk - Measurement
Anthocyanin coloration
Silk Anthocyanin coloration
SilkCol
Anthocyanin coloration of stigmas.
Divide the total number of DMJ damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
DMJInc - Computation
Standard method for grain number.
GN - Computation
Sorghum downy mildew (Peronosclerospora sorghi) severity.
DMSSev
Sorghum downy mildew severity
Sorghum downy mildew severity
kg/plot
GVitA - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain pro-vitaminA content.
Divide the total number of Psacch damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
PsacchInc - Computation
1-4 Grain row arrangement scale
UpESh - Estimation
Observe shape of uppermost ear.
Fusarium moniliforme ear rot severity
Fusarium moniliforme ear rot severity.
Fusarium moniliforme ear rot severity
FmonERSev
Whole-grain Lysine content.
Grain Lysine content
Lysine content
GLys
Tillering
Number of tillers per plant.
Tillering
tillering
variable_of
mm
Grain iron content
Whole-grain iron content.
GIron
Iron content
Standard method for silk Anthocyanin coloration.
SilkAnCol - Estimation
ProvitaminA content
GVitA
Grain provitaminA content
Whole-grain pro-vitaminA content.
Observation of ears with bad husk cover.
BHskCovInc - Estimation
DiabroticaDmg
Diabrotica damage
Diabrotica damage
Plant damage caused by Diabrotica species.
CSmutInc - Computation
Divide the total number of CSN damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
NIRS method for whole-grain protein content.
NIRS GProt- Measurement
PUnif - Estimation
Standard method for plant uniformity
scale_of
Divide the total number of ALB damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
ALBInc - Computation
TslGlBAnCol - Estimation
Standard method for glumes base tassel Anthocyanin coloration.
Brown stripe downy mildew incidence
Brown stripe downy mildew (Sclerophthora rayssiae var. zeae) incidence.
BSDMInc
Brown stripe downy mildew incidence
StenSRInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by stenocarpella stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
MRDVInc - Computation
Divide the total number of MRDV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
CharRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of CharRot damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Standard method for leaf color.
LCol - Estimation
1-5 rating scale
Observe the plant damage caused by large grain borer per plot
LGBDmg - Estimation
Fungal disease presence
The trait is scored for the response to the diseases caused by several fungi.
FungDis
Fungal disease presence
Aspergillus ear rot severity
Aspergillus ear rot severity
Aspergillus ear rot severity.
AspERSev
EDia - Measurement
Measure, when applicable, ear diameter at the central part of uppermost ears of at least 20 representative plants per accession.
RootCapac - Measurement
Standard method for root capitance.
Score the grains based on grain characters such as floury, dent per plot.
GTyp - Estimation
method_of