Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AnthesisGDU
Ant_Cmp_Cday
PpolySev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AleuCol_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
BHskCovInc_E_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PytSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
ChiloDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BwSpotSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
WeevInc_E_1to5
TslGlBAnCol_E_1to2
CIMMYT
GY_FW_gPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
SCMVInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
GAsh_NIRS_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
SCond_M_mmolm2s
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
CSmutInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GNC_M_pct
CIMMYT
MSVInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
4
not severely rolled leaves
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EndoLys_M_pct
CIMMYT
GRArr_E_1to4
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FgramSRInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GIron_M_ppm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Tillering_Ct_tllrplnt
GY_Rank_number
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
FgramSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FungDis_E_0to1
desirable
3
CIMMYT
BwSpotSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AstriInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
ShellCobW_FW_kgPlot
CSucrose_M_umolg
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
low to medium infection
4
AphDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
ERInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
slightly (20%) damaged
2
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PLSSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
SdSizUse_compRank_Bl3
attribute
CIMMYT
BLSBSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GY_DW_kgPlot
CIMMYT
light green
1
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSSSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
ShellCobW_FW_gPlot
CIMMYT
FmonSRInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PUnif_E_1to3
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
LWid_M_cm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GProt_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
CSmutInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
1000KW
TGW
TKW
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GW_DW_g1000grn
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GWid_M_mm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PytSRInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
round
4
5
other
EW_FW_kgPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
CSCMSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GLSSev_E_pct
5
very long
AntAnCol_E_1to9
CIMMYT
very strong
9
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EDmg_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EGrwR_Cmp_gplntday
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GW_FW_g1000grn
HSmutInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
OA_M_Mpa
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GCol_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
LateWiltInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SmaySev_E_1to9
LErect_E_1to4
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ELW_M_g
TslGlAnCol_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BmaySev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
CobGlAnCol_E_1to9
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AntAnCol_E_1to5
HSmutSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EWormDmg_M_cm
CIMMYT
CharRInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BactSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
3
level
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LProline_M_ugg
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GSucrose_M_umolg
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DTELSen
ELSen_DT_day
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CSmutSev_E_1to5
GW_Adj_g200grn
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
GWLostWeev_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LateWiltInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
5
dent
CRustSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
medium to high infection
6
3
red
CIMMYT
ASI_Cmp_day
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
AspERSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GTyp_E_1to11
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
5
severly infested
sun red
2
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
LCol_E_1to5
MRDVInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SmaySev_E_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MRCVInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
NDVI_M_idx
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
ALBInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
TRustSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CompLoc_CompRank_Bl3
GW_Adj_g1000grn
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSCInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BSDMInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FusSRInc_Cmp_pct
DMSSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
FmonERSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GW_FW_g200grn
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
RustSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
3
medium
CIMMYT
LSucrose_M_mgg
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
SdlngVig_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
DMSInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CSmutSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
EN_Ct_earPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Sen_E_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Sen_E_0to10
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AWornDmg_CompRank_Bl3
1
white
BHskCovInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
DMVSev_Ct_plntPlot
PstTol_CompRank_Bl3
1
cylindrical
2
Middle rank
brown
4
4
reddish
CIMMYT
GVitA_M_Âµgg
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GY_RelChk_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
SilkGrwR_Cmp_cmday
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MLNSev_E_pct
YLChl_M_CCI
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EndoCol_E_1to6
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
colorless
1
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslAnCol_E_1to5
2
light purple
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GY_DW_kgha
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
RustSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
MSTVInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Aflatox_M_ppb
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
hard and transparent grains
1
GLng_CompRank_Bl3
EW_FW_gPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
1
clean, no damage
AflavERSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
8
sweet
2
resistant, disease symptoms covering up to 20%
strong
4
high ear position
3
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PDMInc_Cmp_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AspERSev_E_1to9
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DMVInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PH_M_cm
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GTrp_NIRS_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EW_M_gear
CIMMYT
green
1
1
absent or very weak
EndoProt_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
RGlucose_M_ngug
MAIZE ontology
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
DMJInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
CT_M_C
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
UpESh_E_1to4
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
TslOpen_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
conical
1
3
dense
StrigaPN_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Ant_DT_day
DTA
CIMMYT
no infection
1
1
excellent
StenSRInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
StemCol_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EturcSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PLSSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
RootCapac_M_uF
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SmaySev_E_1to5
2
good
strong
7
cylindrical
3
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FmonSRSev_E_1to9
pop
7
AbStr_CompRank_Bl3
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
RLodgInc_Cmp_pct
EturcSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
2
95%
Chl_M_CCI
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EturcSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EShape_E_1to3
strong to very strong
8
Middle rank
2
GY_CompRank_Bl3
primary-secondary-tertiary
3
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ERInc_Ct_earPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
TslExer_E_1to5
CIMMYT
GmRt_CompRank_Bl3
very short
1
GABA_M_ugg
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MaturityGDU
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Mat_Cmp_Cday
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SteWiltInc_Ct_plntPlot
DMSInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Gcol_CompRank_Bl3
9
81-90% dead leave area
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
HskCov_E_1to5
Significantly (70%) infested
4
GrTast_CompRank_Bl3
semi horizontal
3
CIMMYT
AWormDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
LAsh_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
low to moderate level of blasting
2
1
excellent germination (90-100%)
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GLSSev_E_1to5
GGlucose_M_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
21-30% dead leaf area
3
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CRustSev_E_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FmonSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
intermediate germination (30-69%)
3
medium
5
RABA_M_ngg
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EPo_E_1to3
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GLSSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
DMSSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GxE
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EWid_M_mm
2
vigorous
CIMMYT
BCLSSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MSTVInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
BCLSSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CSmutSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
3
dent
CIMMYT
MCob_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
very low infection
2
AflavERSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EDia_M_cm
CIMMYT
HSmutSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
1
100%
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DMSev_E_1to5
PHTslB_M_cm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TSCSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GGlucose_M_ugmg
CIMMYT
200KW
GW_DW_g200grn
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SLodgInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
PStand_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
RustSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LSucrose_M_umolg
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Highest rank
1
CIMMYT
FmonSRSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
11-20% dead leaf area
2
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
OP_M_Mpa
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GMoi_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TSCSev_E_1to5
compact
2
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
BmaySev_E_pct
CIMMYT
SdlngDisInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslGlBAnCol_E_1to5
Silk_Date_ymd
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SD
PHFL_M_cm
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GLng_M_mm
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
PERSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GY_FW_kgha
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CTMInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
BactSRInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
BCLSSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BLSBSev_E_pct
8
71-80% dead leave area
TslBN_Ct_branch
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
BSDMInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
acronym
regular
1
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CharRInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
SRInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EPo_Cmp_ratio
moderately (50% ) damaged
3
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MRFVInc_Ct_plntPlot
2
good germination (70-89%)
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SilkLng_M_cm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
WeevN_Ct_weevil
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FgramERSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PpolySev_E_1to9
3
Lowest rank
Opaque 2/QPM
9
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PHvst_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
medium
2
BLSBSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GSucrose_M_pct
CIMMYT
very strong
5
LodgInc_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CSCMSev_E_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FungDis_E_text
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PsacchInc_Ct_plntPlot
Lowest rank
3
MRDVInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
semi-soft and semi-opaque grains
4
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GUpSSh_E_1to6
CIMMYT
FmonERSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
WI_M_idx
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MD
CIMMYT
Mat_Date_ymd
1
colorless
soft and opaque grains
5
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
TSCSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
StrigaDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PERSev_E_1to9
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
BusseolaDmg_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslTyp_E_1to3
CIMMYT
StBorDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
3
moderate level of blasting
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SLodgInc_Ct_plntPlot
MSVSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
SteWiltInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GY_Adj_kgha
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
FmonERSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
3
dense
StenSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PLSSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CTMInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PericCol_E_1to5
CIMMYT
GY_FW_kgPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AspERSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
BwSpotSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PpolySev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MRFVInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
1
sparse
entity
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
TRustSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LABA_M_ngg
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PRI_M_idx
CIMMYT
very vigorous
1
ShtPub_E_1to3
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EndoTrp_M_pct
CIMMYT
DMSSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DMJInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
ELLng_M_cm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FusERSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
3
normal
GStarch_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslGlAnCol_E_1to2
CIMMYT
MLNSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
GProline_M_mgg
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GY_DW_gPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DsTol_CompRank_Bl3
4
semi-dent
5
purple
GLys_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
EWormInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
2
intermediate
6
flint
2
semi-floury (morocho), with an external layer of hard endoseprm.
ELSen_Date_ymd
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
ELSenD
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TRustSev_E_1to9
2
irregular
present
1
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PVig_E_1to5
GxE
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GY_FW_lbPlot
4
31-40% dead leaf area
GxE
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GTW_M_lbbsh
purple
3
CobNb_CompRank_Bl3
BmaySev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
3
moderately (50% ) infested
EW_DW_kgPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
TslDen_E_1to3
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MCob_Ct_plntPlot
moderately susceptible, disease symptoms covering up to 50%
3
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSCInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
TslGlAnCol_E_1to5
1
very compact
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BusseolaInc_Ct_plntPlot
low infection
3
BHskCovInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
3
dark purple
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslBlastSev_E_1to5
ear around mid-plant
2
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
ELng_M_cm
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
FmonSRSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
bronze
2
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GABA_M_pgg
CIMMYT
Ant_Date_ymd
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AD
very high level of blasting
5
slightly (20%) infested
2
4
weak
GTrp_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
GZinc_M_ppm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DMSev_E_pct
3
conical
TslSiz_E_1to3
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
2
short
EAsp_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EHvst_Ct_earPlot
FusERSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MatT_CompRank_BL3
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MSVSev_E_1to5
GrStor_CompRank_Bl3
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DMSev_E_1to9
Silk_DT_day
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DTS
2
grayyish white
poor germination (11-29%)
4
5
highly susceptible, disease symptoms covering >80%
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CLSSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
6
medium to strong
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
HSmutSev_E_1to5
1
Highest rank
GY_RGY_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
AflavERSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
GOil_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
RLodgInc_Ct_plntPlot
brown
5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SRInc_Ct_plntPlot
GrMark_CompRank_Bl3
CIMMYT
FusSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
lax
1
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CLSSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PDMInc_Ct_plntPlot
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSSSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
OvPerf_CompRank_Bl3
MLNSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DiabroticaDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
1
shrunken
6
51-60% dead leave area
1
large
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PAsp_E_1to5
very weak
5
9
severe infection
RSucrose_M_ngug
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GxE
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
ELng_M_mm
LRollSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
3
dark green
CSSSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
white cap
6
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DiatraeaDmg_E_1to5
semi open
3
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FgramERSev_E_1to5
PERSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
8
very high infection
EH_M_cm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CSCMSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ALBInc_Cmp_pct
severely rolled leaves, undesirable
5
conical-cylindrical
2
2
secondary
CIMMYT
CobGlCol_E_1to3
1
white
2
turgid leaves
absent
1
intermediate
3
CRustSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
PsacchInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GMoi_NIRS_pct
CIMMYT
1
floury
CIMMYT
GThk_M_mm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Shell_Cmp_ratio
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
orange
5
semi-hard and semi-transparent grains
2
CIMMYT
GY_FW_tha
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Mat_DT_day
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
DTM
CIMMYT
poor
4
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
DMVInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
RProl_M_ugg
GRN_Ct_rowear
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
5
brown
CIMMYT
AntAnCol_E_1to2
7
61-70% dead leave area
FgramERSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
4
drooping
straight
3
pointed
5
6
strongly pointed
3
red
Semi-flint, flint with a soft cap
5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EndoHard_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FusERSev_E_1to5
8
white cap
2
green
AstriInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
SCMVInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GAsh_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GProt_NIRS_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
semi-flint
2
1
1-10% dead leaf area
intermediate
3
TslBW_DW_g
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
high infection
7
4
long
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GTex_E_1to5
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
GW_FW_g100grn
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MSVSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
rounded
4
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GOil_NIRS_pct
EN_Cmp_earplnt
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
1
primary
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SdlngDisInc_Ct_plntPlot
2
indented
absent
1
erect
1
5
other
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MSVInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
yellow
2
highly resistant, clean no (%) infection
1
GY_Adj_tha
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LLng_M_cm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
ELChl_M_CCI
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
HSmutInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
StdGerm_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LGBDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Shell_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
weak
3
4
moderate to high level of blasting
GY_DW_tha
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CLSSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GW_DW_g100grn
100KW
5
highly (>80%) damaged
susceptible, disease symptoms covering upto 70%
4
mottled
7
1
flint
cream
2
3
red
purple
4
2
present
weak
2
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MRCVInc_Cmp_pct
4
weak to medium
CIMMYT
TslGlBAnCol_E_1to9
CIMMYT
SilkAnCol_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
very poor germination (0-10%)
5
open
4
2
cylindrical-conical
5
very poor
1
no blasting
4
spiral
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GN_Cmp_grnplnt
Significantly (70%) damaged
4
Semi-dent, intermediate between dent and flint but closer to dent
4
CIMMYT
GW_Adj_g100grn
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
LAsh_NIRS_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
3
medium
1
white
3
small
absent
0
postrate
5
3
intermediate grain hardness
normal
2
orange
6
variegated
4
EWormInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
mixed
3
41-50% dead leave area
5
4
purple
9
red
very weak to weak
2
1
low ear position
semi erect
2
4
yellow
3
pale yellow
unrolled
1
0
no dead leaf area
no infestation
1
medium infection
5
TslTyp - Estimation
Standard method for tassel type.
CSSSev - Estimation
Observe fusarium graminearum ear rot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection.
Observe the aleurone color, when applicable, on at least 20 representative plants per accession.
AleuCol - Estimation
Leaf
PpolySev
Polysora rust (in lowlands Puccinia polysora) severity.
Polysora rust severity
Polysora rust severity
Observe bacterial leaf stripe severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
BCLSSev - Estimation
Phaeosphaeria leaf spot (Phaeosphaeria maydis) severity.
Phaeosphaeria leaf spot severity
Leaf
PLSSev
Phaeosphaeria leaf spot severity
Measure, when applicable, ear length of at least 20 representative plants per accession, record the data in the fieldbook.
ELng - Measurement
BwSpotSev
Brown spot severity
Brown spot severity
Leaf
Brown spot (Physoderma maydis) severity.
FmonSRSev
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot severity.
Plant
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot severity
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot severity
Observe brown spot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
BwSpotSev - Estimation
Observe fusarium moniliforme stalk rot severity on plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
FmonSRSev - Estimation
Count the number of plants that are affected by pythium stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
PytSRInc - Counting
Stem lodging incidence. The plants that show stem lodging, i.e. those stems that are broken below the ear.
Stem lodging incidence
SLodgInc
Plant
stem lodging incidence
Grain weight
Grain
weight
GW
Grain weight of mature kernels.
Sugarcane mosaic virus incidence
SCMVInc
Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) incidence.
Plant
Sugarcane mosaic virus incidence
Standard method for maize weevil number in a sample. Weevils were counted only once (at the end of a 45-d incubation period)
WeevN - Counting
EWormDmg - Measurement
Standard method for earworm damage measured in cm of feeding. 0 - no ear damage, 1 - 1 cm, + 1 for each additional cm of feeding
Measured with a portable chlorophyll meter (e.g. SPAD). Take the average measure from leaves of six alternating plants and use always leaves of similar insertion level.
Chl - Measurement
Sen - Estimation
Observe dead leaf area per plant/plot and rate.
Â¡C
Plant
vigor
Plant vigor.
Plant vigor
PVig
Mpa
Observe sorghum downy mildew severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
DMSSev - Estimation
Standard method for ear shape
EShape - Estimation
Color of the cob glumes.
Cob glumes color
Cob glumes
color
CobGlCol
Bacterial leaf stripe severity
Bacterial leaf stripe (Pseudomonas rubrilinians) severity.
Bacterial leaf stripe severity
Leaf
BCLSSev
Silking time.
Silking time
Plant
silking time
Silk
1-3 Ear position scale
EH
height to insertion of uppermost ear
Plant height from base to the insertion of the top (uppermost) ear.
Ear height
Plant
Root lodging incidence
Plant
root lodging incidence
RLodgInc
Root lodging incidence. The plants that show root lodging, i.e. those stems that are inclining by more than 45Â¡.
CSCInc
Corn stunt incidence
Corn stunt incidence
Corn stunt complex (corn stunt spiroplasma, maize bushy stunt phytoplasma [= mycoplasma], maize rayado fino virus) incidence.
Plant
GProt - Computation
Standard method for whole-grain protein content. % Protein = % of nitrogen x 6.25
1-5 Vigor scale
Observe maize busy stunt severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
CSCMSev - Estimation
GW DW - Measurement
Count and weigh grains randomly selected from the total grains.
weevil
Pest tolerance
The hosts ability to reduce the effect of damages on its fitness regardless of the level of pest pathogen multiplication (
Plant
Pest tolerance
Observe rust severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
RustSev - Estimation
Tropical rust severity
Tropical rust severity
Leaf
TRustSev
Tropical rust (Physopella zeae) severity.
Ear leaf
Weight of ear leaf (blade).
weight
ELW
Ear leaf weight
EndoLys
Endosperm Lysine content
Lysine content
Endosperm
Lysine content in grain endosperm.
Turcicum leaf blight severity
EturcSev
Turcicum leaf blight (Exserohilum turcicum = Helminthosporium turcicum) severity.
Leaf
Turcicum leaf blight severity
Stem
Color of the stem.
Stem color
color
StemCol
EDmg
Ear
Ear damage
Ear damage
Ear damage caused by ear rot and/or insects, etc.
FusSRInc - Counting
Count the plants that are affected by fusarium stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
aspect
Ear aspect
EAsp
Ear
Observation of harvested ears based on some morphological and agronomical characters such as ear size, total numbers of ear harvested per plot, ear damaged caused by insects or/and diseases.
Ear
Ear number
number
EN
Ear number.
Fungal disease presence
Plant
FungDis
Fungal disease presence
The trait is scored for the response to the diseases caused by several fungi.
Endosperm
EndoHard
Endosperm hardness.
Endosperm hardness
hardness
Color of the leaf.
LCol
Leaf color
color
Leaf
capacitance
Root
Estimation of root mass at the end of the stress using an electrical capacitance meter.
RootCapac
Root capacitance
Shell the grains (kernels) from the ears harvested per plot and record fresh (field) weight.
FW GY - Measurement
osmotic potential
A measure of the potential of water to move between regions of differing concentrations across a water-permeable membrane.
Osmotic potential
Plant
OP
OA - Measurement
Standard method for osmotic adjustment.
Anthocyanin coloration
Silk
Anthocyanin coloration of stigmas.
SilkCol
Silk Anthocyanin coloration
Plant
height
Plant height from the base to the top part (in reproductive stages to the top of the tassel).
Plant height
PH
Grain protein content
Grain
Protein content
GProt
Whole-grain protein content.
Ranking of phenotypes based on field observations/on testing of food products â€‹
Comparative ranking by farmers method
ShtPub
Presence and intensity of hairs on the surface of the leaf sheath.
pubescence
Sheath pubescence
Sheath
Stomatal conductance
Leaf
Stomatal conductance
Leaf stomatal conductance
SCond
1-5 damage scoring scale
Chl
Chlorophyll content
Leaf
Chlorophyll content
Leaf chlorophyll content.
Observe the ears damage caused by ear rot and/or insects per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
EDmg - Estimation
GAsh
Whole-grain ash content.
Grain
Ash content
Grain ash content
Divide the total number of CharRot damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
CharRInc - Computation
Ranking of phenotypes based on field observations/on testing of food products
Ranking of phenotypes based on field observations/on testing of food products â€‹
DMVInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize dwarf mosaic virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
AspERSev - Estimation
Observe aspergillus ear rot severity on the harvested ears per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
TSCSev
Tar spot complex (Phyllachora maydis, Monographella maydis) severity.
Tar spot complex severity
Tar spot complex severity
Leaf
FgramSRInc - Counting
Count the plants that are affected by fusarium graminearum stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Adjusted GY - Computation
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area adjusted to 12.5% grain moisture.
Growing degree days to anthesis - Computation
Calculated as growing-degree units or growing degree days between sowing and 50% anthesis.
Standard method for tassel Anthocyanin coloration.
TslAnCol - Estimation
GIron - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain iron content.
Plant height from the base to the ligule of the flag leaf.
Plant
Plant height to ligule of the flag leaf
PHFL
height to ligule of the flag leaf
%
Leaf proline content
Proline content in the leaf.
Leaf
Proline content
LProline
Ear position ratio
bad husk cover incidence
Ear
Ear bad husk cover incidence
Ears bad husk cover incidence.
BHskCovInc
Aflatox - Measurement
Standard method for aflatoxin content.
1-5 WeevDmgInc scale
Measure moisture of a grain sample using NIRS moisture analyzer.
NIRS Moi - Measurement
Ranking of phenotypes based on field observations/on testing of food products â€‹
Comparative ranking by users method
RootCapac - Measurement
Standard method for root capitance.
Sucrose content in the leaf
Leaf sucrose content
Leaf
Sucrose content
LSucrose
Maize lethal necrosis severity
Plant
Maize lethal necrosis severity
Maize lethal necrosis (MLN) severity.
MLNSev
Maize streak virus severity
Plant
MSVSev
Maize streak virus severity (MSV) severity.
Maize streak virus severity
Endosperm
EndoTrp
Endosperm Tryptophan content
Tryptophan content in grain endosperm.
Tryptophan content
DMVSev
Maize dwarf mosaic virus incidence
Plant
Maize dwarf mosaic virus severity
Maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV) severity.
Relative grain yield expressed as percentage of the mean grain yield of the trial. Values above 100% indicate above-average performance; values below 100% indicate below-average performance.
RGY - Computation
TslBW - Measurement
Standard method for tassel branches dry weight.
Rank: 3
mm
Fusarium stalk rot incidence
Plant
Fusarium stalk rot incidence
Fusarium stalk rot incidence.
FusSRInc
Observe maize dwarf mosaic virus severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
DMVSev - Estimation
Disease Tolerance
Plant
Disease tolerance
The hosts ability to reduce the effect of infection on its fitness regardless of the level of disease pathogen multiplication (
GLys - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain lysin content.
Leaf
Severity of common rust ( Puccinia sorghi).
Common rust severity
CRustSev
Common rust severity
umol/g
Divide the total number of BSDM damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
BSDMInc - Computation
Count the number of plants that are affected by sugarcane mosaic virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
SCMVInc - Counting
Observe polysora rust severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
PpolySev - Estimation
Maize rough dwarf virus incidence
MRDVInc
Maize rough dwarf virus incidence
Maize rough dwarf virus (MRDV) incidence.
Plant
Ear
The ratio of grain to total ear weight.
Ear shelling ratio
Shelling ratio
Shell
Divide the total number of ALB damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
ALBInc - Computation
Plant
Chilo damage
ChiloDmg
Chilo (Chilo partellus) damage.
Chilo damage
Zinc content
GZinc
Grain
Grain zinc content
Whole-grain zinc content.
Damage of Striga hermonthica plants on maize plants.
Striga damage
StrigaDmg
Plant
Striga damage
1-3 Tassel density scale
Lodging incidence
lodging incidence
LodgInc
Observation of lodging severity.
Plant
DMSInc - Computation
Divide the total number of DMS damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Cob number
Number of cobs
Cob
Number
Busseola damage
Busseola damage
BusseolaDmg
Plant
Plant damage caused by Busseola larvae.
Tassel glumes base Anthocyanin coloration
Tassel glumes base
TslGlBCol
Anthocyanin coloration
Anthocyanin coloration at base of tassel glumes.
shape
UpESh
Uppermost ear
Uppermost ear shape
Shape of uppermost ear whether cylindrical or cylindrical-conical or conical or round.
mg/g
Plant
CT
Canopy temperature
canopy temperature
Canopy temperature.
Divide the total number of ASTRI damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
AstriInc - Computation
Standard method for glucose content.
Glucose - Measurement
WI - Measurement
Standard method for water index.
Ash content in maize leaves.
Leaf
LAsh
Leaf ash content
Ash content
Grain sucrose content
Grain
GSucrose
Sucrose content in the grain
Sucrose content
tiller/plant
g
erectness
Insertion angle of the leaves.
Leaf erectness
LErect
Leaf
uF
Sucrose - Measurement
Standard method for sucrose content.
Corn stunt spiroplasma severity.
CSSSev
Corn stunt spiroplasma severity
Corn Spiroplasma stunt severity
Plant
Observe aspergillus flavus ear rot severity on the harvested ears per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
AflavERSev - Estimation
Meaure ear width.
EWid - Measurement
Divide the total number of SteWilt damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
SteWiltInc - Computation
Divide the total number of MSTV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
MSTVInc - Computation
Plant
Stem borer damage includes different stem borers such as Chilo partellus, Sesamia spp. and Spodoptera.
StBorDmg
Stem borer damage
Stem borer damage
cm
Root
Sucrose content in the root.
RSucrose
Sucrose content
Root sucrose content
MSVSev - Estimation
Observe the plants that are affected by maize streak virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
cm/day
Standard method for tassel blasting.
TslBlastSev - Estimation
color
Color of the pericarp.
Pericarp color
PericCol
Pericarp
Recommended to take multiple plants and measure the height from the base of a plant to the insertion of the first tassel branch, enter the data individually in the FieldBook and calculate the average.
PHTslB - Measurement
Divide the total number of SeedlingDis affected plants by the total number of plants harvested.
SdlngDisInc - Computation
SteWiltInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by stewart wilt per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Senescence
Leaf senescence.
Sen
Leaf
senescence
Count the number of plants that are affected by stenocarpella stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
StenSRInc - Counting
Proline - Measurement
Standard method for proline content.
MRFVInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize bushy stunt per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Plant
Fusarium graminearum stalk rot incidence
Fusarium graminearum stalk rot incidence
FgramSRInc
Fusarium graminearum stalk rot incidence.
DMSInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by sorghum downy mildew per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Standard method for abscisic acid content.
ABA - Measurement
Standard method for endosperm lysin content.
EndoLys - Measurement
GN
number
Grain
Grain number.
Grain number
Observe fusarium ear rot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
FusERSev - Estimation
Multiple cob incidence
Plant
multiple cob incidence
MCob
Incidence of multiple cobs, as plants that have multiple ears arising from a single node.
Maize stripe virus incidence
MSTVInc
Maize stripe virus incidence
Maize stripe virus (MSTV) incidence.
Plant
TslOpen
opening
Tassel
Tassel angle.
Tassel opening
AWormDmg
Army worm damage
Plant
Army worm damage
Army worm (syn. Spodoptera exempta) damage.
Number of ears harvested.
Ear harvested number
EHvst
harvested number
Ear
Harvest ears per plot (eliminate first and last plants to avoid border effects) and score ear aspect combining several ear-associated traits. Note: Combination of traits usually differs from one breeder to another depending on type of study.
EAsp - Estimation
NIRS method for whole-grain ash content
NIRS GAsh - Measurement
Recommended to take multiple plants and measure the height between the base of a plant to the ligule of the flag leaf, enter the data individually in the FieldBook and calculate the average.
PHFL - Measurement
t/ha
Observe the plants per plot with the leaves rolled.
LRollSev - Estimation
Philippine downy mildew (Peronosclerospora philippinensis) incidence.
Philippine downy mildew incidence
Philippine downy mildew incidence
Plant
PDMInc
Maize bushy stunt (caused by mycoplasma like organism, MLO) severity.
Maize bushy stunt severity
Plant
Maize bushy stunt severity
CSCMSev
Color of the aleurone.
color
Aleurone color
AleuCol
Aleurone
1-5 Endosperm hardness scale
Grain
moisture content
GMoi
Grain moisture.
Grain moisture
DiatraeaDmg
Diatraea damage
Diatraea damage
Plant damage caused by Diatraea species.
Plant
Observe the maize plant damage caused by striga per plot.
StrigaDmg - Estimation
FgramSRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of FgramSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
1-5 Tassel opening scale
Shell the grains (kernels) from the ears harvested per plot and put grains in a paper bag and dry at 60-70Â¡C for 1-2 days, then measure and record the weight of dried grain.
DW GY - Measurement
Plant
OverallÂ performance
OverallÂ performance
Plants ability to thrive, adapt, and produce desired outcomes in a given environment or context.
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize rough dwarf virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
MRDVInc - Counting
EturcSev - Estimation
Observe turcicum leaf blight severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Ear
Ear grain rows arrangement.
GRArr
grain row arrangement
Grain row arrangement
Compute grain weigh adjuted to 12.5% moisture.
GW Adjusted - Computation
Harvest a mature upper ear and measure its weight
EarW Individual - Measurement
AflavERSev
Aspergillus flavus ear rot severity.
Aspergillus flavus ear rot severity
Aspergillus flavus ear rot severity
Ear
Root glucose content
Glucose content
Glucose content in the root.
RGlucose
Root
Standard method for plant vigor
PVig - Estimation
Count total number of grain rows in the ear.
GCol - Estimation
EPo
Ear
Ear position as a ratio of ear height to plant height.
Ear position
position
Abscisic acid content in the grain.
Abscisic acid content
GABA
Grain abscisic acid content
Grain
EHvst - Counting
Count the total number of ears harvested per plot/entry, excluding secondary ears that are extremely small.
ng/g
Standard method for leaves ash content
LAsh- Measurement
1-5 Leaf rolling severity scale
EN - Counting
Count the number of ears.
Count and weigh grains randomly selected from the total grains.
GW FW - Measurement
Growth rate of the ear(s) on a plant. It may include the sum of the apical and sub-apical ear growth from prolific plants.
Ear
growth rate
Ear growth rate
EGrwR
DMSev - Estimation
Observe downy mildew severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Grain
Whole-grain iron content.
Iron content
Grain iron content
GIron
Relative to check - Computation
Calculated as relative grain yield agaisnst the best check in percentage.
Glucose content
Grain glucose content
Glucose content in the grain.
Grain
GGlucose
GTyp - Estimation
Score the grains based on grain characters such as floury, dent per plot.
Plant aspect
Plant
PAsp
aspect
Qualitative observation of plant ideotype. In another word, it rates characteristics such as plant and ear height, uniformity of plants, disease and insect damage, and lodging.
FmonERSev - Estimation
Observe fusarium moniliforme ear rot severity on plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Earworm damage
EWormDmg
Earworm damage
Ear
Ear worm (Heliothis) damage.
EarW Dry weight - Measurement
Harvest all ears in a plot (or row), put them in the nylon bag and record weight. If at all possible, delay harvest of maize until its moisture content is low (15-25%).
FmonSRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of FmonSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Grain
Whole-grain Lysine content.
Lysine content
Grain Lysine content
GLys
PLSSev - Estimation
Observe phaeosphaeria leaf spot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Maize dwarf mosaic virus incidence
Maize dwarf mosaic virus incidence
DMVInc
Plant
Maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV) incidence.
Standard method for tassel anthers Anthocyanin coloration. The observation should be made in the middle third of the main branch on fresh anthers.
AntAnCol - Estimation
Observe the variation of the intensity of a kernel/grain surface and score grain texture based on properties such as smoothness, coarseness and regularity of the grain.
GTex - Estimation
A ratio between the reflectance at a water band wavelength to a nearby reference wavelength where there is no absorption due to water content variability.
Plant
WI
water index
Water index
EWormInc - Counting
Count the number of ear damage caused by earworm per plot.
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize stripe virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
MSTVInc - Counting
Tassel branching type
Tassel
Branching type of tassel.
branching type
TslTyp
LodgInc - Estimation
Scored for severity of lodging.
BusseolaInc - Counting
Count the number plants that are damaged by busseola (african stem borer) per plot.
PH - Measurement
Recommended to take multiple plants and measure the height from the base of a plant to the top of the tassel, enter the data individually in the FieldBook and calculate the average.
Endosperm color
EndoCol
color
Endosperm
Color of the endosperm.
Standard method for young leaf chlorophyll content.
YLChl - Measurement
TslCol
Anthocyanin coloration
Tassel
Tassel Anthocyanin coloration
Anthocyanin coloration of tassel.
Harvest all ears in a plot (or row), put them in the nylon bag and dry at 60-70Â¡C for 1-2 days, then measure and record the weight of dried ears.
EarW Field weight - Measurement
Silk growth rate
growth rate
Silk
SilkGrwR
Growth rate of silk.
TslExer - Estimation
Standard method for tassel exertion
plant/plot
NIRS LAsh - Measurement
NIRS method for leaves ash content
GOil - Measurement
Standard method for oil content
LABA
Abscisic acid content in the leaf.
Leaf abscisic acid content
Abscisic acid content
Leaf
ELng
Ear length
Ear
length
Ear length.
Anthesis time.
anthesis time
Plant
Anthesis time
Ant
Standard method for silk Anthocyanin coloration.
SilkAnCol - Estimation
Common smut severity
Common smut severity
Ear
CSmutSev
Common smut (Ustilago maydis, syn. U. zeae) severity.
FmonSRInc
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot incidence.
Plant
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot incidence
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot incidence
0-1 absent-present scale
Tassel density
TslDen
Density of spikelets.
density
Tassel
ELLng
Ear leaf length
Ear leaf (blade) length.
Ear leaf
length
Take same leaf measured for leaf length and measure mid-way along its length.
LWid - Measurement
ppb
g/1000grain
DiatraeaDmg - Estimation
Observe the plant damage caused by Diatraea plot.
Divide the total number of MSV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
MSVInc - Computation
EndoProt - Measurement
Standard method for endosperm protein content.
Count the number of plants that are affected by stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
SRInc - Counting
PHvst
Plants harvested
Plant
Number of plants harvested per unit area.
havested number
Grain
Grain storability refers to the ability of grains to remain viable and maintain their quality over a period of time when stored under a given condition.
storability
Grain storability
Observe head smut severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
HSmutSev - Estimation
EShape
shape
Ear
Ear shape
Ear shape
Observe the plant damage caused by large grain borer per plot
LGBDmg - Estimation
Standard method for tassel opening
TslOpen - Estimation
Grain type
Type of grain.
Grain
GTyp
type
EndoHard - Estimation
Determine quality of endosperm such as hardness in the lab and use 1-5 to scale to score it.
NIRS method for whole-grain tryptophan content.
NIRS GTrp- Measurement
Ear
Grain row number
grain row number
GRN
Number of grain rows in the central part of the uppermost ear.
EWormInc - Computation
Divide the total number of EWDMG damaged ears by the total number of plants harvested.
pg/g
MSVInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize streak virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Measure on the same 10 grains used for taking grain length measurement.
GWid - Measurement
Observe common smut severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
CSmutSev - Estimation
1-9 disease scoring scale
thickness
Grain thickness
GThk
Grain
Thickness of the grain.
PUnif - Estimation
Standard method for plant uniformity
ProvitaminA content
Grain provitaminA content
GVitA
Grain
Whole-grain pro-vitaminA content.
Observe the plant damage caused by stem borer per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
StBorDmg - Estimation
Root
Proline content
RProl
Proline content in the root.
Root proline content
1-6 Endosperm color scale
Ear rot incidence
Ear
ERInc
Ear rot incidence.
Ear rot incidence
DMJInc - Computation
Divide the total number of DMJ damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Observe fusarium graminearum ear rot severity on ears per plot based on degree of infection.
FgramERSev - Estimation
SLodgInc - Counting
Count the number of plants with the stem lodged. The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
1-5 disease scoring scale
Grain
Maize weevil incidence
WeevInc
Maize weevil incidence
Maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais) incidence on grain.
Plant
AphDmg
Aphid damage
Aphid damage
Aphids (Rhopalosiphum maidis) damage.
Observe the plant damage caused by aphids per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
AphDmg - Estimation
DW GY - Measurement
Shell the grains (kernels) from the ears harvested per plot and put grains in a paper bag and dry at 60-70Â¡C for 1-2 days, then measure and record the weight of dried grain.
ALBInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by anthracnose leaf blight per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Photochemical radiation index
photochemical radiation index
PRI
Plant
Photochemical radiation index. A canopy reflectance index indicating photosynthetic radiation use efficiency.
ShellCobW
Weight of shelled cob.
Shelled cob weight
Shelled cob
weight or yield
PAsp - Estimation
Score the plants per plot combining several agronomical and morphological characters of plants such plant height, ear height, stem/root loading. Note: Combination of traits usually differ from one breeder to another depending on type of study.
Ear
Penicillium ear rot severity
PERSev
Penicillium ear rot severity
Penicillium ear rot severity.
ng/Âµg
CharRInc
Plant
Charcoal rot incidence
Charcoal rot or (Macrophomina phaseolina) incidence.
Charcoal rot incidence
GAsh - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain ash content
CT - Measurement
Standard method for canopy temperature.
MLNSev - Estimation
Observe maize lethal necrosis severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
PericCol - Estimation
Observe the pericarp color, when applicable, on at least 20 representative plants per accession.
MRFVInc - Computation
Divide the total number of MRFV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
BHskCovInc - Counting
Count the total number of ears with bad husk cover.
Endosperm
Protein content in grain endosperm.
Protein content
EndoProt
Endosperm protein content
Head smut (Sphacelotheca reiliana) incidence.
Plant
Head smut incidence
HSmutInc
Head smut incidence
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area calculated in fresh (field) weight basis.
FW GY - Computation
BLSBSev - Estimation
Observe banded leaf and sheath blight severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Record the date when excised kernels are longitudinally cut to expose a black internal abscission layer at the base of the kernel that signals the kernel has ceased to absorb nutrients or moisture from the mother plants.
Maturity date - Estimation
Grain proline content
Proline content in the grain.
Grain
GProline
Proline content
GLSSev - Estimation
Observe GLS severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
kg/ha
Ear
diameter
Ear diameter
Ear diameter measured at the central part of uppermost ear.
EDia
Standard method for glumes tassel Anthocyanin coloration. The measurement should exclude the bases of the glumes.
TslGlAnCol - Estimation
1-6 Grain upper surface shape scale
CSmutInc
Common smut (Ustilago maydis, syn. U. zeae)incidence.
Plant
Common smut incidence
Common smut incidence
Plant
Bacterial stalk rot incidence
Bacterial stalk rot (Erwinia chrysanthemi) incidence.
BactSRInc
Bacterial stalk rot incidence
EH - Measurement
Recommended to take 6 alternating plants per plot and measure the height between the base of a plant to the insertion of the top (uppermost) ear of the same plant, enter the data individually in the FieldBook and calculate the average.
DiabroticaDmg
Plant
Diabrotica damage
Plant damage caused by Diabrotica species.
Diabrotica damage
GTex
Grain texture
texture
Grain
Grain texture as a measure of the variation on the intensity of a surface, quantifying properties such as smoothness, coarseness and regularity of the grain.
Seed weight loss was determined using the count and weight method of Gwinner et al (1996). Weight loss (%) = (Wu x Nd) - (Wd x Nu) x 100 / Wu x (Nd + Nu) where Wu=weight of the undamaged seed, Nu = number of undamaged seed, Wd = Weight of damaged seed, and Nd=Number of damaged seed.
GWLostWeev - Measurement
Leaf
LWid
Leaf width
width
Leaf width.
Black bundle incidence
AstriInc
Black bundle incidence
Black bundle (Acremonium strictum) incidence.
Plant
ERInc - Counting
Count the total number of ears that damaged or/and rotten per plot.
g/100grain
Brown stripe downy mildew (Sclerophthora rayssiae var. zeae) incidence.
BSDMInc
Plant
Brown stripe downy mildew incidence
Brown stripe downy mildew incidence
1-5 Standard germination scale
Mal de rio cuarto virus incidence
Mal de rio cuarto virus incidence
Mal de rio cuarto virus (MRCV) incidence.
Plant
MRCVInc
Observe common rust severity on plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
CRustSev - Estimation
HskCov - Estimation
Observe the ears hask cover and rate it.
Standard method for tassel branches number.
TslBN - Counting
Count the total number of emerged striga plants per plot. It is counted three times, 8 weeks, 10 weeks and 12 weeks after planting.
StrigaPN - Counting
Aflatoxin content
Aflatox
Grain Aflatoxins content produced by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus.
Aflatoxin content
Grain
Abiotic stress tolerance
The hosts ability to reduce the effect of stress on its fitness regardless of the level of abiotic stress (flood, drought, â€¦) applied
Abiotic stress tolerance
Plant
Standard method for cob tassel color. The anthocyanin coloration should be observed on the middle third of the uppermost cob, after the removal of some of the grains.
CobGlCol - Estimation
GVitA - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain pro-vitaminA content.
Maize streak virus incidence
Plant
Maize streak virus incidence (MSV) incidence.
Maize streak virus incidence
MSVInc
1-9 Anthocyanin coloration scale
DMSSev
Sorghum downy mildew (Peronosclerospora sorghi) severity.
Sorghum downy mildew severity
Sorghum downy mildew severity
Plant
Shell - Computation
Use formula to calculate ear sheeling ratio.
PsacchInc - Computation
Divide the total number of Psacch damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
PytSRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of PytSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Whole-grain starch content.
Grain starch content
Grain
Starch content
GStarch
Standard method for ear leaf weight.
ELW - Measurement
branch
Aspergillus ear rot severity
Ear
AspERSev
Aspergillus ear rot severity.
Aspergillus ear rot severity
ASI
Anthesis silking interval.
anthesis silking interval
Anthesis silking interval
Plant
PsacchInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by sugarcane downy mildew per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
1-3 Ear shape scale
Tillering - Counting
Count the number of tillers per plant (average of more than 20 representative) plants.
Divide the total number of ears with bad husk cover by the total number of ears harvested.
BHskCovInc - Computation
StemCol - Estimation
Observe the stem color between the two topmost ears.
Count the seedling that are affected by seedling diseases per plot.
SdlngDisInc - Counting
1-5 Anthocyanin coloration scale
Sugarcane downy mildew incidence
PsacchInc
Plant
Sugarcane downy mildew (Peronosclerospora sacchari) incidence.
Sugarcane downy mildew incidence
Number of plants per unit area.
stand
Plant stand
Plant
PStand
1-11 Grain type scale
Divide the total number of DMV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
DMVInc - Computation
Maize weevil number
Maize weevil number in Grain
Grain
The number of maize weevils (Sitophilus zeamais) hatching and emerging from an infested grain sample within a given period. Large values indicate susceptibility to grain weevils, small values indicate partial resistance to grain weevils.
WeevN
Gray leaf spot severity
Gray leaf spot (Cercospora zeae-maydis) severity.
Leaf
GLSSev
Gray leaf spot severity
Osmotic adjustment as ability of the plant to adjust the osmotic potential under stress conditions.
Osmotic adjustment
osmotic adjustment
OA
Plant
size
Grain
Seed size for target use/market
Size of seeds matching demand for a use or a market
Count the number of plants that are affected by mal de rio cuarto virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
MRCVInc - Counting
Silk length.
length
Silk
SilkLng
Silk length
Leaf
Downy mildews (several species of the genera Peronosclerospora, Sclerospora, and Sclerophthora) severity.
Downy mildew severity
Downy mildew severity
DMSev
1-3 Cob color scale
rolling severity
Severity of leaf rolling, usually scored under drought stress.
Leaf rolling severity
LRollSev
Leaf
Count the plants that are affected by fusarium moniliforme stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
FmonSRInc - Counting
Grain
Taste of the grain (after cooking? Raw?)
taste
Grain taste
Plant
PytSRInc
Pythium stalk rot (Pythium spp.) incidence.
Pythium stalk rot incidence
Pythium stalk rot incidence
Standard method for whole-grain Nitrogen content
GNC - Measurement
Grain marketability refers to the commercial viability or attractiveness of a particular type of grain for sale in the agricultural market.
Grain
Grain marketability
marketability
Grain
GLng
length
Grain length.
Grain length
test weight
Grain test weight of mature kernels.
Grain test weight
GTW
Grain
Grain weight loss by maize weevil
GWLostWeev
Grain
Loss of weight of the grain samples caused by weevil (Sitophilus zeamais) feeding during a given period of incubation.
weight loss by maize weevil
Divide the total number of MRCV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
MRCVInc - Computation
1-9 Grain color scale
Whole-grain oil content.
GOil
Oil content
Grain oil content
Grain
lb/bsh
number
Number of branches on tassel.
Tassel branch
TslBN
Tassel branch number
BSDMInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by brown stripe downy mildew per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Striga plant number
StrigaPN
Number of Striga hermonthica plants.
Plant number
Striga
ear/plot
RLodgInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that show root lodging and record data in filedbook. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
SLodgInc - Computation
Divide the total numbers of plants with lodged stems by number of plants harvested.
Measure sample weight of grains per plot after harvest, record dry weight of the same samples and calculate grain moisture content for each sample using formula: 100*(Wt of sample - Dry Weight)/Wt of sample.
GMoi - Computation
ppm
Tassel size
Tassel
TslSiz
Tassel size.
size
Weight of mature upper ear, including cob and kernels, and at a defined moisture content, although often this is not provided.
Ear
weight
Ear weight
EW
Standard method for whole-grain starch content.
GStarch - Measurement
ear/plant
Leaf length.
LLng
length
Leaf length
Leaf
GLng - Measurement
Average of 10 consecutive grains from one row in the middle of the uppermost ear, measured with calliper.
Observe the plant damage caused by army worms per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
AWormDmg - Estimation
lb/plot
Ear
width
EWid
Ear width
Ear width.
Anthesis date - Estimation
Date when 50% of the plants shed pollen. Observe a known number of plants carefully (guideline: N = 20 for inbred lines or hybrids; N = 35 for open pollinated varieties) at the same time each day until 50% of the plants in the plot have produced at least one visible anther and record the date.
Seedling disease incidence
Plant
Seedling disease incidence
Seedling disease incidence.
SdlngDisInc
SmaySev - Estimation
Observe stenocarpella ear rot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
TslSiz - Estimation
Score the tassels based on size using 1-3 categorical scale.
Ear shelling ratio
Late wilt incidence
Late wilt incidence
LateWiltInc
Late wilt (Cephalosporium maydis) incidence.
Plant
GRArr - Estimation
Observe grain row arrangement in the harvested ears and rate 1-4 categorical scale.
1-3 Tassel branching type scale
Tassel exertion
TslExer
Tassel exertion.
exertion
Tassel
1-5 rating scale
Leaf
Rust severity
Rust severity
Multiple rust pathogens severity.
RustSev
PDMInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by philippine downy mildew per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
1-5 Pericarp color scale
Large grain borer damage
Grain
Large grain borer damage
LGBDmg
Large grain borer (Prostephanus truncatus) damage.
1-5 Leaf color scale
Germination rate is calculated by dividing the number of seeds that sprout by the total number of seeds started, and then multiplying that number by 100 to get a percentage.
Germination rate
Germination
Grain
BactSRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of BactSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
RABA
Abscisic acid content in the root.
Root
Root abscisic acid content
Abscisic acid content
HSmutInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by head smut per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Seedling
Seedling vigor.
Seedling vigor
vigor
SdlngVig
DTS - Computation
Number of days from sowing to when 50% of the plants silk. Also, it can be calculated using sowing and silking date.
Stenocarpella ear rot severity
Ear
Stenocarpella (=Diplodia) ear rot severity.
SmaySev
Stenocarpella ear rot severity
Observe penicillium ear rot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
PERSev - Estimation
GCol - Estimation
Observe color of grains.
0-10 Senescence scale
ERInc - Computation
Divide the total number of ears that are rotten by the total number of plants that are harvested.
ShtPub - Estimation
Standard method for sheath pubescence content.
Calculated as growing-degree units or growing degree days between sowing and maturity.
Growing degree days to maturity - Computation
method_of
PDMInc - Computation
Divide the total number of PDM damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
GN - Computation
Standard method for grain number.
Standard method for silk growth rate.
SilkGrwR - Computation
Ranking:3
Grain Tryptophan content
Tryptophan content
GTrp
Whole-grain Tryptophan content.
Grain
LErect - Estimation
Standard method for leaf erectness
yyyymmdd
CharRInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by charcoal rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area calculated in dry weight basis.
Dry weight basis GY - Computation
Ear
Ear husk cover
husk cover
HskCov
Ear husk cover observed as degree of the husk covering the tip of the ear.
Plant
Tillering
Tillering
tillering
Number of tillers per plant.
GCol
Grain
Grain color
color
Color of the grain.
g/plant/day
Performance of a maize variety with the local variety
Comparison with local
Plant
Comparison with local
Divide the total number of SRot damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
SRInc - Computation
index
Fusarium graminearum ear rot severity
Fusarium graminearum ear rot severity
Ear
FgramERSev
Fusarium graminearum ear rot severity.
TRustSev - Estimation
Observe tropical severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
PStand - Counting
Count total number of plants per plot.
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area calculated in fresh (field) weight basis.
FW GY - Computation
Count the number of plants that are affected by late wilt per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
LateWiltInc - Counting
Observe plants carefully and record date when 50% of plants within a plot area have silks visible (female flowering date). This is determined on a daily basis by counting the number of plants with at least one silk extruded divided by the total number of plants in the plot.
Silking date - Estimation
NIRS method for oil content
NIRS GOil - Measurement
1-4 Ear shape scale
Divide the total number of plants that are root lodged due to weak soil or poorly developed anchorage roots by the total number of plants that are harvested.
RLodgInc - Computation
1-2 absent-present scale
Score maize weevil damage on the plants per plot.
WeevInc - Estimation
ELSen
ear leaf senescence time
Plant
Ear leaf senescence time.
Ear leaf senescence time
Determine ear position using 1-3 scale.
EPo - Estimation
Use ear height and plant height data of the same plants per plot and calculate the ratio. Small values indicate low ear position; large values indicate high ear position.
EPo - Computation
BHskCovInc - Estimation
Observation of ears with bad husk cover.
Compute number of ears using the formula.
EN - Computation
HSmutInc - Computation
Divide the total number of HSmut damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
g/200grain
Chlorophyll content
Ear leaf chlorophyll content
Ear leaf
Chlorophyll content in the ear leaf.
ELChl
maturity time
Maturity time.
Maturity time
Plant
Curvularia leaf spot (Curvularia spp.) severity.
Leaf
Curvularia leaf spot severity
CLSSev
Curvularia leaf spot severity
Cob sucrose content
CSucrose
Cob
Sucrose content in the cob
Sucrose content
BLSBSev
Banded leaf and sheath blight severity
Banded leaf and sheath blight (Rhizoctonia solani f. sp. sasakii) severity.
Leaf
Banded leaf and sheath blight severity
Â¡C day
NDVI - Measurement
Optimum number of measurements: i) Vegetative stage: Weekly measurements from 2 to 6 weeks after planting; ii) Flowering: only for inbred lines.
Anthocyanin coloration of tassel glumes excluding the bases of the glumes.
Tassel glumes Anthocyanin coloration
Anthocyanin coloration
Tassel glumes
TslGlCol
BactSRInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by bacterial stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
SRInc
Plant
Stalk rot (multiple pathogens or an unidentified pathogen) incidence.
Stalk rot incidence
Stalk rot incidence
1-3 density scale
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area calculated in dry weight basis.
DW GY - Computation
ug/g
MCob - Counting
Count the number of plants that have more than one ear growing from the same node.
Standard method for silk length.
SilkLng - Measurement
Crazy top (Sclerophthora macrospora) incidence.
Plant
CTMInc
Crazy top downy mildew incidence
Crazy top downy mildew incidence
EndoTrp - Measurement
Standard method for endosperm tryptophan content.
Head smut (Sphacelotheca reiliana) severity.
Plant
Head smut severity
Head smut severity
HSmutSev
Fusarium moniliforme ear rot severity.
Fusarium moniliforme ear rot severity
FmonERSev
Ear
Fusarium moniliforme ear rot severity
1-5 Aleurone color scale
Cob glumes Anthocyanin coloration
Anthocyanin coloration
Cob glumes
Anthocyanin coloration of cob glumes.
CobGlCol
LCol - Estimation
Standard method for leaf color.
OP - Measurement
Standard method for osmotic potential.
upper surface shape
Grain
Shape of the upper surface of grain.
Grain upper surface shape
GUpSSh
GNC
Grain
Grain Nitrogen content
Nitrogen content
Whole-grain Nitrogen content.
1-3 size scale
GZinc - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain zinc content.
Young leaf chlorophyll content
YLChl
Young leaf
Chlorophyll content in the young leaf.
Chlorophyll content
Rank number
Days to anthesis - Computation
Number of days from sowing to when 50% of the plants shed pollen. Observe a known number of plants carefully (guideline: N = 20 for inbred lines or hybrids; N = 35 for open pollinated varieties) at the same time each day until 50% of the plants in the plot have produced at least one visible anther and score the number of days from sowing. Also, it can be calculated using sowing and anthesis date.
row/ear
g/plot
Anthocyanin coloration
AntCol
Anthocyanin coloration of anthers.
Anther Anthocyanin coloration
Anther
Grain width.
Grain
GWid
width
Grain width
Observe maydis leaf blight severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
BmaySev - Estimation
MRFVInc
Plant
Maize rayado fino virus incidence
Maize rayado fino virus (MRFV) incidence.
Maize rayado fino virus incidence
CCI
Observe the plant damage caused by Diabrotica per plot.
DiabroticaDmg - Estimation
UpESh - Estimation
Observe shape of uppermost ear.
Sorghum downy mildew incidence
DMSInc
Sorghum downy mildew (Peronosclerospora sorghi) incidence.
Plant
Sorghum downy mildew incidence
Days to ear leaf senescence date - Computation
Number of days from sowing to when 50% of the plants have a dry ear leaf. Count the number of days from sowing to when 50% of the plants have a dry ear leaf. Also, it can be calculated using sowing and ear leaf senescence date.
Leaf
Maydis leaf blight (Bipolaris maydis = Helminthosporium maydis) severity.
BmaySev
Maydis leaf blight severity
Maydis leaf blight severity
Measured with a portable porometer. Take the measures in the middle between leaf tip and leaf base, and in between leaf midrib and leaf rim. Blade sections measured must to be exposed to sunlight for at least the 30 minutes before. Measurements always performed in the same side of the leaf (usually the lower or abaxial one). One measurement per leaf, and at least 3 per plot. 1 min per measurement.
SCond - Measurement
Record shelled cob field weight.
ShellCobW - Measurement (duplicate)
1-4 Leaf erectness scale
Ear leaf senescence date - Computation
Record date when 50% of the plants have a dry ear leaf.
Uniformity of plants.
PUnif
uniformity
Plant uniformity
Plant
Count the total number of plants harvested per plot/entry.
PHvst - Counting
DMJInc
Java downy mildew incidence
Plant
Java downy mildew (Peronosclerospora maydis) incidence.
Java downy mildew incidence
StenSRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of StenSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
DMJInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by DMJ per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
CSCInc - Computation
Divide the total number of CSC damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Observe curvularia leaf spot severity on plants per plot based on the degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
CLSSev - Estimation
Standard method for grain test weight.
GTW - Computation
StdGerm
Standard germination.
Standard germination
Grain
Standard germination
Standard method for ear leaf length.
ELLng - Measurement
1-4 Grain row arrangement scale
Divide the total number of LateWilt damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
LateWiltInc - Computation
variable_of
CTMInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by CTM per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Plant height to insertion of first tassel branch
Plant height from the base to the insertion of the first tassel branch.
height to insertion of first tassel branch
Plant
PHTslB
EGrwR - Computation
Standard method for ear growth rate.
1-5 Grain texture scale
Busseola damage incidence
Busseola larvae incidence.
BusseolaInc
Plant
Busseola incidence
day
LLng - Measurement
Measure the leaf which subtends the uppermost ear from ligule to apex.
FusSRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of FusSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Standard method for glumes base tassel Anthocyanin coloration.
TslGlBAnCol - Estimation
Divide the total number of SCMV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
SCMVInc - Computation
kg/plot
Standard method for tassel density
TslDen - Estimation
Anthracnose leaf blight incidence
Anthracnose leaf blight incidence
Plant
Anthracnose (Colletotrichum graminicola) incidence.
ALBInc
grain/plant
Earworm incidence
EWormInc
Ear
Earworm incidence
Ear worm (Heliothis) incidence.
Count number of days from planting date to anthesis and silking to determine days to anthesis (DTA) and days to silking (DTS), respectively and determine anthesis silking interval (ASI) by calculating: ASI = DTS-DTA.
ASI - Computation
GThk - Measurement
Measure the thickness of the same 10 grains used for taking grain length measurement.
Grain yield per unit area, either field weight basis, dry weight basis or adjusted to 12.5% grain moisture.
Grain yield
yield
GY
Grain
It is calculated as the numerical position of the progeny when yields are arrenged from highest to lowest.
GYRank - Computation
NIRS GProt- Measurement
NIRS method for whole-grain protein content.
Divide the total number of CSN damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
CSmutInc - Computation
Tassel branch weight
Weight of tassel branches.
Tassel branch
weight
TslBW
Tassel blasting severity
Observation of blasting severity of the tassel (necrosis due to heat stress) at the time of flowering. It occurs under extreme temperatures and drought.
TslBlastSev
Tassel
blasting severity
normalized difference vegetation index
Normalized difference vegetation index
NDVI
Canopy normalized difference vegetation index.
Plant
TSCSev - Estimation
Observe tarspot complex severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
MCob - Computation
Divide the total number of Chupon plants by the total number of plants harvested.
CobGlAnCol - Estimation
Standard method for cob tassel Anthocyanin coloration. The anthocyanin Anthocyanin colorationation should be observed on the middle third of the uppermost cob, after the removal of some of the grains.
1-5 Tassel blasting severity scale
1-5 Tassel exertion scale
AstriInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by black bundle per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
ug/mg
GUpSSh - Estimation
Observe the shape of the upper surface of grain, when applicable, on at least 20 representative plants per accession, after harvest.
Fusarium ear rot severity.
FusERSev
Ear
Fusarium ear rot severity
Fusarium ear rot severity
SteWiltInc
Stewarts wilt incidence
Stewart wilt (Erwinia stewartii) incidence.
Stewarts wilt incidence
Plant
1-3 Plant uniformity scale
Text
Standard method for ear leaf chlorophyll content.
ELChl - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain tryptophan content.
GTrp - Measurement
Divide the total number of MRDV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
MRDVInc - Computation
EDia - Measurement
Measure, when applicable, ear diameter at the central part of uppermost ears of at least 20 representative plants per accession.
Stenocarpella stalk rot incidence
Stenocarpella stalk rot incidence
StenSRInc
Stenocarpella (=Diplodia) stalk rot incidence.
Plant
Observe the plants that are damaged by any fungal diseases.
FungDis - Estimation
StdGerm - Estimation
Standard method for standard germination
PRI - Measurement
Standard method for photochemical radiation index.
Days to maturity - Computation
Number of days required from seeding to grain ripening. Also, it can be calculated using sowing and maturity date.
scale_of
Observe the plant damage caused by chilo per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
ChiloDmg - Estimation
Count the total number of plants that are affected by corn stunt complex per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
CSCInc - Counting
mmol /m2/s
Count the number of plants that are affected by the common smut per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
CSmutInc - Counting
EndoCol - Estimation
Observe the endosperm color, when applicable, on at least 20 representative plants per accession.
Divide the total number of CTM damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
CTMInc - Computation
1-5 Stem color scale