CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
TSCSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LGBDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ShellCobW_FW_gPlot
no infestation
1
CIMMYT
PAsp_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GW_Adj_g1000grn
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MSVInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
SmaySev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
BmaySev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MRCVInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EndoHard_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TRustSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
MCob_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
SteWiltInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
highly (>80%) damaged
5
RustSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Sen_E_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LateWiltInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
MLNSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CobGlAnCol_E_1to9
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSSSev_E_1to9
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PDMInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
ELSen_Date_ymd
ELSenD
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CSCMSev_E_1to9
3
desirable
CIMMYT
LSucrose_M_mgg
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSmutSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GxE
GTW_M_lbbsh
5
brown
CIMMYT
GY_DW_gPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EndoLys_M_pct
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MSVSev_E_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
AD
CIMMYT
Ant_Date_ymd
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
SCond_M_mmolm2s
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GMoi_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
EndoTrp_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
ALBInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FusERSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PLSSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
3
medium
long
4
CIMMYT
TRustSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MD
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Mat_Date_ymd
CIMMYT
PHvst_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Silk_DT_day
DTS
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
FmonSRSev_E_1to9
2
resistant, disease symptoms covering up to 20%
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GLys_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GY_Rank_number
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
GProt_NIRS_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
RSucrose_M_ngug
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslAnCol_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Shell_Cmp_ratio
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSucrose_M_umolg
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GxE
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EWid_M_mm
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PERSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MRDVInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
MaturityGDU
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Mat_Cmp_Cday
CIMMYT
TslGlAnCol_E_1to9
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ERInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FgramSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
ELChl_M_CCI
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSCMSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
FungDis_E_text
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
cylindrical
1
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CLSSev_E_1to9
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Sen_E_0to10
CIMMYT
5
very long
CIMMYT
CSmutSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
pointed
5
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
FgramERSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
DMVSev_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
RLodgInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FmonSRInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
AWormDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
4
semi-soft and semi-opaque grains
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
SCMVInc_Cmp_pct
SilkGrwR_Cmp_cmday
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DMSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslDen_E_1to3
1
absent or very weak
postrate
5
conical-cylindrical
2
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
UpESh_E_1to4
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
BwSpotSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
2
95%
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LAsh_M_pct
CIMMYT
MLNSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
StemCol_E_1to5
CIMMYT
DMSSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AnthesisGDU
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Ant_Cmp_Cday
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EWormDmg_M_cm
1
white
MSTVInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
RABA_M_ngg
CIMMYT
5
purple
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GUpSSh_E_1to6
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
AstriInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
Silk_Date_ymd
CIMMYT
SD
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
RustSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSSSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
OP_M_Mpa
CIMMYT
1
primary
3
weak
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GW_FW_g1000grn
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GWid_M_mm
mixed
3
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GY_Adj_tha
CIMMYT
DMSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
GWLostWeev_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslBW_DW_g
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GTyp_E_1to11
3
dark green
CIMMYT
HSmutInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
hard and transparent grains
1
MLNSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GW_DW_g1000grn
TGW
TKW
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
1000KW
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GGlucose_M_pct
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
AspERSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PVig_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
StrigaDmg_E_1to5
CIMMYT
EGrwR_Cmp_gplntday
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EturcSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
GY_FW_kgPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
WeevInc_E_1to5
PLSSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
low to moderate level of blasting
2
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GIron_M_ppm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PHFL_M_cm
CIMMYT
EW_DW_kgPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BLSBSev_E_1to5
7
pop
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
AphDmg_E_1to5
CIMMYT
1
white
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BSDMInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
SteWiltInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
LProline_M_ugg
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
red
3
poor
4
EWormInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
FgramERSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EPo_E_1to3
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Shell_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
spiral
4
StBorDmg_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FusERSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSCMSev_E_pct
3
intermediate
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
BCLSSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
LErect_E_1to4
CIMMYT
light purple
2
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LWid_M_cm
semi horizontal
3
ELSen_DT_day
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
DTELSen
CIMMYT
dense
3
DMSInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
5
very poor
CIMMYT
BusseolaDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ShellCobW_FW_kgPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GW_DW_g200grn
200KW
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GW_Adj_g200grn
CIMMYT
4
31-40% dead leaf area
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
100KW
GW_DW_g100grn
CharRInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AntAnCol_E_1to9
CIMMYT
StdGerm_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslGlAnCol_E_1to2
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GY_FW_kgha
CIMMYT
3
dense
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DMSInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
FmonSRSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
CSSSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GY_RGY_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
EPo_Cmp_ratio
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GLSSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
8
strong to very strong
very low infection
2
semi open
3
BCLSSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
DiatraeaDmg_E_1to5
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
BSDMInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MSVSev_E_1to9
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GRArr_E_1to4
GxE
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GY_FW_lbPlot
GOil_NIRS_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AntAnCol_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
21-30% dead leaf area
3
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSmutSev_E_1to9
PLSSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
5
soft and opaque grains
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
BactSRInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
FusERSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CharRInc_Cmp_pct
4
Significantly (70%) damaged
CT_M_C
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
light green
1
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
BLSBSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
GN_Cmp_grnplnt
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
FmonSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GTrp_M_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
StrigaPN_Ct_plntPlot
intermediate
2
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EturcSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GNC_M_pct
moderate level of blasting
3
AflavERSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
HSmutSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LLng_M_cm
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
YLChl_M_CCI
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CSCInc_Ct_plntPlot
DiabroticaDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslOpen_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FgramSRInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
1
flint
0
no dead leaf area
GY_Adj_kgha
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MSVSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MRCVInc_Ct_plntPlot
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
DMSSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PpolySev_E_1to5
8
very high infection
CIMMYT
TSCSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
moderately susceptible, disease symptoms covering up to 50%
3
5
dent
5
brown
CIMMYT
FusSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
LSucrose_M_umolg
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SdlngVig_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
colorless
1
CIMMYT
PericCol_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
HSmutSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EN_Cmp_earplnt
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EShape_E_1to3
attribute
EWormInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Aflatox_M_ppb
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GY_DW_tha
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PH_M_cm
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EAsp_E_1to5
CIMMYT
GVitA_M_µgg
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
flint
6
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
ERInc_Ct_earPlot
CIMMYT
PpolySev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
indented
2
slightly (20%) infested
2
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
RGlucose_M_ngug
CIMMYT
other
5
1
very short
SmaySev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
StenSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
AspERSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
4
low to medium infection
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GSucrose_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
LateWiltInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
cream
2
71-80% dead leave area
8
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
DMJInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MRFVInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
TslTyp_E_1to3
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MSTVInc_Ct_plntPlot
GxE
ELng_M_mm
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GZinc_M_ppm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EndoCol_E_1to6
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
sparse
1
1
unrolled
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DTM
Mat_DT_day
CIMMYT
BmaySev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GY_FW_tha
GABA_M_pgg
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CRustSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PUnif_E_1to3
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EDia_M_cm
1
absent
CIMMYT
BLSBSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GLSSev_E_1to9
strongly pointed
6
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
ELLng_M_cm
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PERSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
CTMInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
EturcSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CRustSev_E_1to5
1
regular
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
DMSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
GGlucose_M_ugmg
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
StenSRInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
FmonSRSev_E_1to5
not severely rolled leaves
4
WeevN_Ct_weevil
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
TslGlBAnCol_E_1to5
CIMMYT
intermediate grain hardness
3
PpolySev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
4
brown
PytSRInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
NDVI_M_idx
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
semi-floury (morocho), with an external layer of hard endoseprm.
2
3
straight
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PytSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
BHskCovInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MRDVInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
semi erect
2
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
HSmutInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
GAsh_NIRS_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
shrunken
1
DMJInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
2
secondary
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BusseolaInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
LAsh_NIRS_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
red
3
CIMMYT
SLodgInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
TslGlBAnCol_E_1to9
CIMMYT
4
round
CIMMYT
RLodgInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GTrp_NIRS_pct
CIMMYT
2
compact
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GY_DW_kgPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
LodgInc_E_1to5
CIMMYT
3
dent
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
PsacchInc_Cmp_pct
9
Opaque 2/QPM
slightly (20%) damaged
2
erect
1
CIMMYT
Ant_DT_day
DTA
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CobGlCol_E_1to3
CIMMYT
TslGlAnCol_E_1to5
CIMMYT
pale yellow
3
AntAnCol_E_1to2
CIMMYT
weak
4
low ear position
1
CIMMYT
FgramERSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Tillering_Ct_tllrplnt
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
LRollSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
2
short
GThk_M_mm
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
purple
4
5
severely rolled leaves, undesirable
CIMMYT
ELW_M_g
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
1
white
GY_RelChk_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GProt_Cmp_pct
5
very poor germination (0-10%)
3
primary-secondary-tertiary
semi-dent
4
1
1-10% dead leaf area
Chl_M_CCI
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
1
large
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GLng_M_mm
intermediate
3
ChiloDmg_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CLSSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
SdlngDisInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
2
green
8
white cap
6
white cap
PERSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GY_FW_gPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
LABA_M_ngg
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
TSCSev_E_pct
2
normal
CIMMYT
BwSpotSev_E_1to9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
LCol_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
SLodgInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
5
medium
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PRI_M_idx
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSmutInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
WI_M_idx
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
1
lax
GCol_E_1to9
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
ShtPub_E_1to3
CIMMYT
SmaySev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
highly resistant, clean no (%) infection
1
HskCov_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ear around mid-plant
2
MCob_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
TslExer_E_1to5
CIMMYT
8
sweet
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
SilkAnCol_E_1to5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
ALBInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
AflavERSev_E_1to5
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
OA_M_Mpa
CIMMYT
FungDis_E_0to1
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
MRFVInc_Cmp_pct
weak
2
BHskCovInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MSVInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
acronym
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ASI_Cmp_day
BmaySev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
highly susceptible, disease symptoms covering >80%
5
5
41-50% dead leave area
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
TslBN_Ct_branch
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GSucrose_M_umolg
CIMMYT
FmonERSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
good
2
good germination (70-89%)
2
CIMMYT
BHskCovInc_E_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
RustSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
FmonERSev_E_pct
very strong
9
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AleuCol_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DMVInc_Ct_plntPlot
AspERSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
AflavERSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
HSmutSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
PStand_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GRN_Ct_rowear
CIMMYT
strong
7
CIMMYT
EHvst_Ct_earPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EW_M_gear
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
TslSiz_E_1to3
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
normal
3
CTMInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
3
intermediate germination (30-69%)
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GOil_M_pct
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
SRInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
MAIZE ontology
bronze
2
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EH_M_cm
2
semi-hard and semi-transparent grains
4
drooping
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GW_Adj_g100grn
CIMMYT
EN_Ct_earPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
BCLSSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
red
9
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
FmonERSev_E_1to9
CIMMYT
9
81-90% dead leave area
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CLSSev_E_1to5
vigorous
2
4
weak to medium
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
RProl_M_ugg
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
SdlngDisInc_Ct_plntPlot
FusSRInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
absent
0
1
absent
1
green
colorless
1
moderately (50% ) damaged
3
2
semi-flint
1
very compact
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
RootCapac_M_uF
CIMMYT
open
4
TRustSev_E_pct
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
small
3
CIMMYT
EndoProt_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PsacchInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
6
orange
conical
1
cylindrical
3
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CRustSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
4
Semi-dent, intermediate between dent and flint but closer to dent
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
AstriInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
11-20% dead leaf area
2
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GProline_M_mgg
rounded
4
1
clean, no damage
CIMMYT
EW_FW_kgPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GW_FW_g100grn
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CSmutInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
100%
1
GY_DW_kgha
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
PDMInc_Cmp_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
4
yellow
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
DMVInc_Cmp_pct
no infection
1
GMoi_NIRS_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
CIMMYT
BwSpotSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
EW_FW_gPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
GLSSev_E_1to5
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
cylindrical-conical
2
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
GTex_E_1to5
CIMMYT
TslGlBAnCol_E_1to2
CIMMYT
GStarch_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
DMSSev_E_pct
CIMMYT
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
present
1
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
BactSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
CIMMYT
GW_FW_g200grn
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
sun red
2
CIMMYT
GAsh_M_pct
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
turgid leaves
2
4
susceptible, disease symptoms covering upto 70%
poor germination (11-29%)
4
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
ELng_M_cm
high infection
7
other
5
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
PHTslB_M_cm
excellent germination (90-100%)
1
CSCInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
SRInc_Cmp_pct
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
strong
4
dark purple
3
excellent
1
5
orange
4
Significantly (70%) infested
CIMMYT
GABA_M_ugg
Kate Dreher; Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
medium
2
5
Semi-flint, flint with a soft cap
2
yellow
present
2
CIMMYT
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
TslBlastSev_E_1to5
medium to high infection
6
2
grayyish white
5
medium infection
3
moderately (50% ) infested
7
61-70% dead leave area
6
medium to strong
purple
4
low infection
3
CIMMYT
SilkLng_M_cm
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
SCMVInc_Ct_plntPlot
Rosemary Shrestha; Julian Pietragalla
CIMMYT
variegated
4
1
no blasting
purple
3
3
red
severly infested
5
entity
floury
1
5
very weak
irregular
2
51-60% dead leave area
6
reddish
4
medium
3
level
3
mottled
7
very vigorous
1
very weak to weak
2
high ear position
3
4
moderate to high level of blasting
very strong
5
conical
3
9
severe infection
5
very high level of blasting
moisture content
GMoi
Grain moisture
Grain moisture.
1-6 Grain upper surface shape scale
EPo - Computation
Use ear height and plant height data of the same plants per plot and calculate the ratio. Small values indicate low ear position; large values indicate high ear position.
kg/ha
Chilo damage
Chilo (Chilo partellus) damage.
Chilo damage
ChiloDmg
Tropical rust severity
Tropical rust severity
TRustSev
Tropical rust (Physopella zeae) severity.
AntAnCol - Estimation
Standard method for tassel anthers Anthocyanin coloration. The observation should be made in the middle third of the main branch on fresh anthers.
length
Ear leaf (blade) length.
Ear leaf length
ELLng
Standard method for leaf erectness
LErect - Estimation
Determine ear position using 1-3 scale.
EPo - Estimation
FmonSRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of FmonSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
GVitA
Grain provitaminA content
Whole-grain pro-vitaminA content.
ProvitaminA content
Charcoal rot or (Macrophomina phaseolina) incidence.
Charcoal rot incidence
Charcoal rot incidence
CharRInc
1-5 Vigor scale
Stomatal conductance
SCond
Leaf stomatal conductance
Stomatal conductance
yyyymmdd
Divide the total number of MSV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
MSVInc - Computation
SilkAnCol - Estimation
Standard method for silk Anthocyanin coloration.
Starch content
Whole-grain starch content.
GStarch
Grain starch content
Calculated as relative grain yield agaisnst the best check in percentage.
Relative to check - Computation
Count the total number of ears that damaged or/and rotten per plot.
ERInc - Counting
Divide the total number of CSC damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
CSCInc - Computation
Maize dwarf mosaic virus incidence
Maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV) severity.
Maize dwarf mosaic virus severity
DMVSev
%
SilkCol
Anthocyanin coloration
Silk Anthocyanin coloration
Anthocyanin coloration of stigmas.
DW GY - Computation
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area calculated in dry weight basis.
pg/g
MRFVInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize bushy stunt per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
1-2 absent-present scale
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area adjusted to 12.5% grain moisture.
Adjusted GY - Computation
Number of days from sowing to when 50% of the plants shed pollen. Observe a known number of plants carefully (guideline: N = 20 for inbred lines or hybrids; N = 35 for open pollinated varieties) at the same time each day until 50% of the plants in the plot have produced at least one visible anther and score the number of days from sowing. Also, it can be calculated using sowing and anthesis date.
Days to anthesis - Computation
branch
Philippine downy mildew (Peronosclerospora philippinensis) incidence.
PDMInc
Philippine downy mildew incidence
Philippine downy mildew incidence
Gray leaf spot severity
Gray leaf spot (Cercospora zeae-maydis) severity.
Gray leaf spot severity
GLSSev
1-11 Grain type scale
Weight of tassel branches.
weight
TslBW
Tassel branch weight
g/plot
LRollSev - Estimation
Observe the plants per plot with the leaves rolled.
Shell
Shelling ratio
Ear shelling ratio
The ratio of grain to total ear weight.
GN - Computation
Standard method for grain number.
g/100grain
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize dwarf mosaic virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
DMVInc - Counting
ERInc - Computation
Divide the total number of ears that are rotten by the total number of plants that are harvested.
Observe brown spot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
BwSpotSev - Estimation
Ear shelling ratio
Scored for severity of lodging.
LodgInc - Estimation
number
Ear number
EN
Ear number.
Aspergillus flavus ear rot severity.
Aspergillus flavus ear rot severity
AflavERSev
Aspergillus flavus ear rot severity
t/ha
Days to ear leaf senescence date - Computation
Number of days from sowing to when 50% of the plants have a dry ear leaf. Count the number of days from sowing to when 50% of the plants have a dry ear leaf. Also, it can be calculated using sowing and ear leaf senescence date.
1-5 damage scoring scale
Count the plants that are affected by fusarium moniliforme stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
FmonSRInc - Counting
ELng
Ear length.
Ear length
length
PpolySev - Estimation
Observe polysora rust severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
ng/µg
1-5 rating scale
Observe curvularia leaf spot severity on plants per plot based on the degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
CLSSev - Estimation
Observe the plant damage caused by aphids per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
AphDmg - Estimation
EndoTrp - Measurement
Standard method for endosperm tryptophan content.
anthesis time
Anthesis time
Anthesis time.
Ant
Recommended to take multiple plants and measure the height between the base of a plant to the ligule of the flag leaf, enter the data individually in the FieldBook and calculate the average.
PHFL - Measurement
GRArr
Grain row arrangement
Ear grain rows arrangement.
grain row arrangement
Sen
senescence
Senescence
Leaf senescence.
Standard method for ear shape
EShape - Estimation
AstriInc - Computation
Divide the total number of ASTRI damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
color
PericCol
Color of the pericarp.
Pericarp color
Relative grain yield expressed as percentage of the mean grain yield of the trial. Values above 100% indicate above-average performance; values below 100% indicate below-average performance.
RGY - Computation
Grain test weight of mature kernels.
GTW
Grain test weight
test weight
Divide the total number of PytSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
PytSRInc - Computation
1-3 Tassel branching type scale
EDia - Measurement
Measure, when applicable, ear diameter at the central part of uppermost ears of at least 20 representative plants per accession.
CharRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of CharRot damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Endosperm Lysine content
Lysine content
EndoLys
Lysine content in grain endosperm.
anthesis silking interval
Anthesis silking interval
ASI
Anthesis silking interval.
umol/g
Growth rate of silk.
SilkGrwR
Silk growth rate
growth rate
Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) incidence.
SCMVInc
Sugarcane mosaic virus incidence
Sugarcane mosaic virus incidence
Count the total number of plants harvested per plot/entry.
PHvst - Counting
Divide the total number of ALB damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
ALBInc - Computation
PsacchInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by sugarcane downy mildew per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Weight of shelled cob.
weight or yield
ShellCobW
Shelled cob weight
Observe the variation of the intensity of a kernel/grain surface and score grain texture based on properties such as smoothness, coarseness and regularity of the grain.
GTex - Estimation
StemCol - Estimation
Observe the stem color between the two topmost ears.
Standard method for endosperm protein content.
EndoProt - Measurement
Anthracnose leaf blight incidence
Anthracnose leaf blight incidence
ALBInc
Anthracnose (Colletotrichum graminicola) incidence.
LateWiltInc - Computation
Divide the total number of LateWilt damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Count the seedling that are affected by seedling diseases per plot.
SdlngDisInc - Counting
TslSiz
Tassel size
Tassel size.
size
Silk length
length
SilkLng
Silk length.
MRDVInc - Computation
Divide the total number of MRDV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Plants harvested
Number of plants harvested per unit area.
havested number
PHvst
Standard method for glumes tassel Anthocyanin coloration. The measurement should exclude the bases of the glumes.
TslGlAnCol - Estimation
cm
LRollSev
Severity of leaf rolling, usually scored under drought stress.
Leaf rolling severity
rolling severity
YLChl
Chlorophyll content in the young leaf.
Young leaf chlorophyll content
Chlorophyll content
DMSInc - Computation
Divide the total number of DMS damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Observe the plant damage caused by stem borer per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
StBorDmg - Estimation
Stem lodging incidence. The plants that show stem lodging, i.e. those stems that are broken below the ear.
stem lodging incidence
SLodgInc
Stem lodging incidence
SCMVInc - Computation
Divide the total number of SCMV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Abscisic acid content in the root.
Abscisic acid content
Root abscisic acid content
RABA
Measure the leaf which subtends the uppermost ear from ligule to apex.
LLng - Measurement
Endosperm color
Color of the endosperm.
EndoCol
color
Standard method for tassel Anthocyanin coloration.
TslAnCol - Estimation
TslExer - Estimation
Standard method for tassel exertion
Observe GLS severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
GLSSev - Estimation
ShellCobW - Measurement (duplicate)
Record shelled cob field weight.
PLSSev - Estimation
Observe phaeosphaeria leaf spot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
DiatraeaDmg - Estimation
Observe the plant damage caused by Diatraea plot.
PsacchInc - Computation
Divide the total number of Psacch damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Head smut incidence
Head smut (Sphacelotheca reiliana) incidence.
Head smut incidence
HSmutInc
Maize dwarf mosaic virus incidence
Maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV) incidence.
DMVInc
Maize dwarf mosaic virus incidence
BSDMInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by brown stripe downy mildew per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Observe the plant damage caused by chilo per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
ChiloDmg - Estimation
Maize rayado fino virus incidence
MRFVInc
Maize rayado fino virus incidence
Maize rayado fino virus (MRFV) incidence.
Anthocyanin coloration at base of tassel glumes.
Tassel glumes base Anthocyanin coloration
TslGlBCol
Anthocyanin coloration
CharRInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by charcoal rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Severity of common rust ( Puccinia sorghi).
Common rust severity
CRustSev
Common rust severity
Standard method for tassel blasting.
TslBlastSev - Estimation
MRCVInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by mal de rio cuarto virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Seedling disease incidence
Seedling disease incidence.
SdlngDisInc
Seedling disease incidence
Stem color
Color of the stem.
StemCol
color
Observation of ears with bad husk cover.
BHskCovInc - Estimation
GZinc
Zinc content
Whole-grain zinc content.
Grain zinc content
Record the date when excised kernels are longitudinally cut to expose a black internal abscission layer at the base of the kernel that signals the kernel has ceased to absorb nutrients or moisture from the mother plants.
Maturity date - Estimation
growth rate
Growth rate of the ear(s) on a plant. It may include the sum of the apical and sub-apical ear growth from prolific plants.
Ear growth rate
EGrwR
1-9 Anthocyanin coloration scale
1-9 disease scoring scale
GThk - Measurement
Measure the thickness of the same 10 grains used for taking grain length measurement.
Leaf length
length
Leaf length.
LLng
Type of grain.
type
Grain type
GTyp
EarW Dry weight - Measurement
Harvest all ears in a plot (or row), put them in the nylon bag and record weight. If at all possible, delay harvest of maize until its moisture content is low (15-25%).
Abscisic acid content in the leaf.
Abscisic acid content
Leaf abscisic acid content
LABA
Busseola damage incidence
Busseola larvae incidence.
Busseola incidence
BusseolaInc
EWormDmg
Earworm damage
Earworm damage
Ear worm (Heliothis) damage.
Observe banded leaf and sheath blight severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
BLSBSev - Estimation
Days to maturity - Computation
Number of days required from seeding to grain ripening. Also, it can be calculated using sowing and maturity date.
Growing degree days to maturity - Computation
Calculated as growing-degree units or growing degree days between sowing and maturity.
Diabrotica damage
Diabrotica damage
Plant damage caused by Diabrotica species.
DiabroticaDmg
Standard method for whole-grain protein content. % Protein = % of nitrogen x 6.25
GProt - Computation
Common smut (Ustilago maydis, syn. U. zeae)incidence.
CSmutInc
Common smut incidence
Common smut incidence
Maize bushy stunt (caused by mycoplasma like organism, MLO) severity.
Maize bushy stunt severity
Maize bushy stunt severity
CSCMSev
Standard method for proline content.
Proline - Measurement
Observe maize busy stunt severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
CSCMSev - Estimation
OA
osmotic adjustment
Osmotic adjustment as ability of the plant to adjust the osmotic potential under stress conditions.
Osmotic adjustment
plant/plot
Fusarium stalk rot incidence.
FusSRInc
Fusarium stalk rot incidence
Fusarium stalk rot incidence
ear/plot
Rank number
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot severity
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot severity.
FmonSRSev
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot severity
Ear leaf chlorophyll content
Chlorophyll content in the ear leaf.
ELChl
Chlorophyll content
1-5 disease scoring scale
Head smut severity
Head smut severity
Head smut (Sphacelotheca reiliana) severity.
HSmutSev
Divide the total number of SeedlingDis affected plants by the total number of plants harvested.
SdlngDisInc - Computation
SRInc
Stalk rot incidence
Stalk rot incidence
Stalk rot (multiple pathogens or an unidentified pathogen) incidence.
PH
Plant height
height
Plant height from the base to the top part (in reproductive stages to the top of the tassel).
Observe tarspot complex severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
TSCSev - Estimation
Standard method for earworm damage measured in cm of feeding. 0 - no ear damage, 1 - 1 cm, + 1 for each additional cm of feeding
EWormDmg - Measurement
MSVSev - Estimation
Observe the plants that are affected by maize streak virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
BHskCovInc - Counting
Count the total number of ears with bad husk cover.
PDMInc - Computation
Divide the total number of PDM damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
aspect
Observation of harvested ears based on some morphological and agronomical characters such as ear size, total numbers of ear harvested per plot, ear damaged caused by insects or/and diseases.
Ear aspect
EAsp
Divide the total number of ears with bad husk cover by the total number of ears harvested.
BHskCovInc - Computation
Dry weight basis GY - Computation
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area calculated in dry weight basis.
Standard method for cob tassel color. The anthocyanin coloration should be observed on the middle third of the uppermost cob, after the removal of some of the grains.
CobGlCol - Estimation
Cob sucrose content
Sucrose content in the cob
Sucrose content
CSucrose
Mal de rio cuarto virus incidence
Mal de rio cuarto virus (MRCV) incidence.
MRCVInc
Mal de rio cuarto virus incidence
GW FW - Measurement
Count and weigh grains randomly selected from the total grains.
Observe the aleurone color, when applicable, on at least 20 representative plants per accession.
AleuCol - Estimation
DiabroticaDmg - Estimation
Observe the plant damage caused by Diabrotica per plot.
TslSiz - Estimation
Score the tassels based on size using 1-3 categorical scale.
LErect
erectness
Insertion angle of the leaves.
Leaf erectness
TslBN - Counting
Standard method for tassel branches number.
Ear husk cover observed as degree of the husk covering the tip of the ear.
husk cover
HskCov
Ear husk cover
upper surface shape
Grain upper surface shape
Shape of the upper surface of grain.
GUpSSh
maturity time
Mat
Maturity time
Maturity time.
FusERSev - Estimation
Observe fusarium ear rot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
CSmutSev - Estimation
Observe common smut severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Striga plant number
StrigaPN
Plant number
Number of Striga hermonthica plants.
Plant uniformity
Uniformity of plants.
uniformity
PUnif
lb/plot
Oil content
Whole-grain oil content.
Grain oil content
GOil
Standard method for young leaf chlorophyll content.
YLChl - Measurement
mm
Count the number plants that are damaged by busseola (african stem borer) per plot.
BusseolaInc - Counting
TslDen - Estimation
Standard method for tassel density
Date when 50% of the plants shed pollen. Observe a known number of plants carefully (guideline: N = 20 for inbred lines or hybrids; N = 35 for open pollinated varieties) at the same time each day until 50% of the plants in the plot have produced at least one visible anther and record the date.
Anthesis date - Estimation
Divide the total number of FusSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
FusSRInc - Computation
RootCapac - Measurement
Standard method for root capitance.
Sucrose - Measurement
Standard method for sucrose content.
Number of days from sowing to when 50% of the plants silk. Also, it can be calculated using sowing and silking date.
DTS - Computation
PHTslB
Plant height to insertion of first tassel branch
height to insertion of first tassel branch
Plant height from the base to the insertion of the first tassel branch.
SilkLng - Measurement
Standard method for silk length.
Fusarium moniliforme ear rot severity.
Fusarium moniliforme ear rot severity
FmonERSev
Fusarium moniliforme ear rot severity
Chlorophyll content
Chlorophyll content
Chl
Leaf chlorophyll content.
MRDVInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize rough dwarf virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
1-4 Leaf erectness scale
RProl
Proline content
Proline content in the root.
Root proline content
Downy mildew severity
Downy mildew severity
Downy mildews (several species of the genera Peronosclerospora, Sclerospora, and Sclerophthora) severity.
DMSev
Anthocyanin coloration
Anthocyanin coloration of tassel glumes excluding the bases of the glumes.
Tassel glumes Anthocyanin coloration
TslGlCol
Observe fusarium moniliforme stalk rot severity on plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
FmonSRSev - Estimation
Grain Lysine content
GLys
Whole-grain Lysine content.
Lysine content
1-5 WeevDmgInc scale
width
EWid
Ear width
Ear width.
StrigaPN - Counting
Count the total number of emerged striga plants per plot. It is counted three times, 8 weeks, 10 weeks and 12 weeks after planting.
lodging incidence
Observation of lodging severity.
Lodging incidence
LodgInc
Use formula to calculate ear sheeling ratio.
Shell - Computation
1-5 Stem color scale
Aspergillus ear rot severity.
Aspergillus ear rot severity
AspERSev
Aspergillus ear rot severity
Army worm (syn. Spodoptera exempta) damage.
AWormDmg
Army worm damage
Army worm damage
Cob glumes color
Color of the cob glumes.
color
CobGlCol
NIRS GProt- Measurement
NIRS method for whole-grain protein content.
1-3 Plant uniformity scale
EN - Counting
Count the number of ears.
EDmg - Estimation
Observe the ears damage caused by ear rot and/or insects per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
StrigaDmg - Estimation
Observe the maize plant damage caused by striga per plot.
Maize weevil incidence
WeevInc
Maize weevil incidence
Maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais) incidence on grain.
Standard method for water index.
WI - Measurement
Protein content
Endosperm protein content
Protein content in grain endosperm.
EndoProt
LCol - Estimation
Standard method for leaf color.
Compute number of ears using the formula.
EN - Computation
Measure on the same 10 grains used for taking grain length measurement.
GWid - Measurement
Stenocarpella (=Diplodia) stalk rot incidence.
Stenocarpella stalk rot incidence
Stenocarpella stalk rot incidence
StenSRInc
Leaf width
LWid
width
Leaf width.
Tassel blasting severity
TslBlastSev
Observation of blasting severity of the tassel (necrosis due to heat stress) at the time of flowering. It occurs under extreme temperatures and drought.
blasting severity
Bacterial stalk rot incidence
BactSRInc
Bacterial stalk rot (Erwinia chrysanthemi) incidence.
Bacterial stalk rot incidence
Branching type of tassel.
branching type
TslTyp
Tassel branching type
NIRS method for whole-grain tryptophan content.
NIRS GTrp- Measurement
Leaf color
LCol
color
Color of the leaf.
Chl - Measurement
Measured with a portable chlorophyll meter (e.g. SPAD). Take the average measure from leaves of six alternating plants and use always leaves of similar insertion level.
DMSInc
Sorghum downy mildew incidence
Sorghum downy mildew incidence
Sorghum downy mildew (Peronosclerospora sorghi) incidence.
Observe the plants that are damaged by any fungal diseases.
FungDis - Estimation
EW
weight
Ear weight
Weight of mature upper ear, including cob and kernels, and at a defined moisture content, although often this is not provided.
Observe aspergillus flavus ear rot severity on the harvested ears per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
AflavERSev - Estimation
Count the number of plants that are affected by pythium stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
PytSRInc - Counting
Bacterial leaf stripe severity
Bacterial leaf stripe severity
BCLSSev
Bacterial leaf stripe (Pseudomonas rubrilinians) severity.
Divide the total number of Chupon plants by the total number of plants harvested.
MCob - Computation
1-5 Tassel blasting severity scale
Standard method for aflatoxin content.
Aflatox - Measurement
LAsh- Measurement
Standard method for leaves ash content
GMoi - Computation
Measure sample weight of grains per plot after harvest, record dry weight of the same samples and calculate grain moisture content for each sample using formula: 100*(Wt of sample - Dry Weight)/Wt of sample.
Observe shape of uppermost ear.
UpESh - Estimation
Standard method for whole-grain Nitrogen content
GNC - Measurement
Tassel density
TslDen
Density of spikelets.
density
FgramERSev - Estimation
Observe fusarium graminearum ear rot severity on ears per plot based on degree of infection.
Standard method for plant vigor
PVig - Estimation
Observe the pericarp color, when applicable, on at least 20 representative plants per accession.
PericCol - Estimation
Stewarts wilt incidence
SteWiltInc
Stewart wilt (Erwinia stewartii) incidence.
Stewarts wilt incidence
Standard method for ear growth rate.
EGrwR - Computation
DMSSev - Estimation
Observe sorghum downy mildew severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Weight of ear leaf (blade).
ELW
weight
Ear leaf weight
Qualitative observation of plant ideotype. In another word, it rates characteristics such as plant and ear height, uniformity of plants, disease and insect damage, and lodging.
PAsp
aspect
Plant aspect
Ash content in maize leaves.
Leaf ash content
Ash content
LAsh
Standard method for ear leaf chlorophyll content.
ELChl - Measurement
Whole-grain ash content.
GAsh
Ash content
Grain ash content
FmonERSev - Estimation
Observe fusarium moniliforme ear rot severity on plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Java downy mildew incidence
Java downy mildew incidence
Java downy mildew (Peronosclerospora maydis) incidence.
DMJInc
Grain weight loss by maize weevil
Loss of weight of the grain samples caused by weevil (Sitophilus zeamais) feeding during a given period of incubation.
GWLostWeev
weight loss by maize weevil
Count the number of plants that are affected by head smut per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
HSmutInc - Counting
Brown stripe downy mildew (Sclerophthora rayssiae var. zeae) incidence.
BSDMInc
Brown stripe downy mildew incidence
Brown stripe downy mildew incidence
1-5 Tassel exertion scale
Grain Nitrogen content
GNC
Nitrogen content
Whole-grain Nitrogen content.
EndoHard - Estimation
Determine quality of endosperm such as hardness in the lab and use 1-5 to scale to score it.
1-5 Endosperm hardness scale
GUpSSh - Estimation
Observe the shape of the upper surface of grain, when applicable, on at least 20 representative plants per accession, after harvest.
AleuCol
Aleurone color
Color of the aleurone.
color
Standard method for whole-grain starch content.
GStarch - Measurement
FW GY - Computation
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area calculated in fresh (field) weight basis.
Tar spot complex (Phyllachora maydis, Monographella maydis) severity.
Tar spot complex severity
Tar spot complex severity
TSCSev
Record date when 50% of the plants have a dry ear leaf.
Ear leaf senescence date - Computation
Observe the ears hask cover and rate it.
HskCov - Estimation
CSmutInc - Computation
Divide the total number of CSN damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Common smut severity
Common smut severity
CSmutSev
Common smut (Ustilago maydis, syn. U. zeae) severity.
Standard method for whole-grain lysin content.
GLys - Measurement
Compute grain weigh adjuted to 12.5% moisture.
GW Adjusted - Computation
tiller/plant
Normalized difference vegetation index
Canopy normalized difference vegetation index.
NDVI
normalized difference vegetation index
DMJInc - Computation
Divide the total number of DMJ damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Divide the total number of MSTV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
MSTVInc - Computation
Observe maize dwarf mosaic virus severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
DMVSev - Estimation
Divide the total number of StenSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
StenSRInc - Computation
Standard germination
StdGerm
Standard germination
Standard germination.
multiple cob incidence
MCob
Incidence of multiple cobs, as plants that have multiple ears arising from a single node.
Multiple cob incidence
Seed weight loss was determined using the count and weight method of Gwinner et al (1996). Weight loss (%) = (Wu x Nd) - (Wd x Nu) x 100 / Wu x (Nd + Nu) where Wu=weight of the undamaged seed, Nu = number of undamaged seed, Wd = Weight of damaged seed, and Nd=Number of damaged seed.
GWLostWeev - Measurement
ug/g
Standard method for oil content
GOil - Measurement
Ear bad husk cover incidence
bad husk cover incidence
Ears bad husk cover incidence.
BHskCovInc
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot incidence
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot incidence.
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot incidence
FmonSRInc
MSVInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize streak virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
¡C
weevil
Damage of Striga hermonthica plants on maize plants.
Striga damage
Striga damage
StrigaDmg
DW GY - Measurement
Shell the grains (kernels) from the ears harvested per plot and put grains in a paper bag and dry at 60-70¡C for 1-2 days, then measure and record the weight of dried grain.
Stem borer damage
StBorDmg
Stem borer damage includes different stem borers such as Chilo partellus, Sesamia spp. and Spodoptera.
Stem borer damage
EndoTrp
Endosperm Tryptophan content
Tryptophan content in grain endosperm.
Tryptophan content
SLodgInc - Counting
Count the number of plants with the stem lodged. The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
HSmutSev - Estimation
Observe head smut severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
TslExer
Tassel exertion
Tassel exertion.
exertion
TslOpen - Estimation
Standard method for tassel opening
AstriInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by black bundle per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
NIRS method for oil content
NIRS GOil - Measurement
GWid
Grain width
Grain width.
width
1-3 Ear shape scale
Sheath pubescence
ShtPub
Presence and intensity of hairs on the surface of the leaf sheath.
pubescence
g/1000grain
Plant vigor.
Plant vigor
PVig
vigor
hardness
EndoHard
Endosperm hardness.
Endosperm hardness
PRI
photochemical radiation index
Photochemical radiation index
Photochemical radiation index. A canopy reflectance index indicating photosynthetic radiation use efficiency.
¡C day
LateWiltInc
Late wilt (Cephalosporium maydis) incidence.
Late wilt incidence
Late wilt incidence
GLng
Grain length.
Grain length
length
Fungal disease presence
Fungal disease presence
FungDis
The trait is scored for the response to the diseases caused by several fungi.
Glucose content
Glucose content in the root.
RGlucose
Root glucose content
Plant height to ligule of the flag leaf
height to ligule of the flag leaf
PHFL
Plant height from the base to the ligule of the flag leaf.
Standard method for abscisic acid content.
ABA - Measurement
Count number of days from planting date to anthesis and silking to determine days to anthesis (DTA) and days to silking (DTS), respectively and determine anthesis silking interval (ASI) by calculating: ASI = DTS-DTA.
ASI - Computation
BmaySev - Estimation
Observe maydis leaf blight severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Tassel branch number
TslBN
number
Number of branches on tassel.
Observe grain row arrangement in the harvested ears and rate 1-4 categorical scale.
GRArr - Estimation
MSVSev
Maize streak virus severity
Maize streak virus severity
Maize streak virus severity (MSV) severity.
MSTVInc
Maize stripe virus incidence
Maize stripe virus incidence
Maize stripe virus (MSTV) incidence.
Grain Tryptophan content
Whole-grain Tryptophan content.
Tryptophan content
GTrp
Observe the plant damage caused by large grain borer per plot
LGBDmg - Estimation
1-3 Tassel density scale
Harvest a mature upper ear and measure its weight
EarW Individual - Measurement
Grain weight
GW
weight
Grain weight of mature kernels.
Standard method for whole-grain tryptophan content.
GTrp - Measurement
AspERSev - Estimation
Observe aspergillus ear rot severity on the harvested ears per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Standard method for grain test weight.
GTW - Computation
Sucrose content
Leaf sucrose content
LSucrose
Sucrose content in the leaf
GCol - Estimation
Count total number of grain rows in the ear.
FW GY - Computation
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area calculated in fresh (field) weight basis.
1-5 Standard germination scale
tillering
Number of tillers per plant.
Tillering
Tillering
Sorghum downy mildew severity
Sorghum downy mildew (Peronosclerospora sorghi) severity.
Sorghum downy mildew severity
DMSSev
Recommended to take multiple plants and measure the height from the base of a plant to the insertion of the first tassel branch, enter the data individually in the FieldBook and calculate the average.
PHTslB - Measurement
FusSRInc - Counting
Count the plants that are affected by fusarium stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Anthocyanin coloration
CobGlCol
Anthocyanin coloration of cob glumes.
Cob glumes Anthocyanin coloration
Grain thickness
thickness
Thickness of the grain.
GThk
Text
Root lodging incidence
root lodging incidence
Root lodging incidence. The plants that show root lodging, i.e. those stems that are inclining by more than 45¡.
RLodgInc
Turcicum leaf blight (Exserohilum turcicum = Helminthosporium turcicum) severity.
Turcicum leaf blight severity
EturcSev
Turcicum leaf blight severity
g
Divide the total number of BactSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
BactSRInc - Computation
Count the number of plants that are affected by philippine downy mildew per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
PDMInc - Counting
Brown spot (Physoderma maydis) severity.
Brown spot severity
Brown spot severity
BwSpotSev
Grain iron content
Whole-grain iron content.
GIron
Iron content
Growing degree days to anthesis - Computation
Calculated as growing-degree units or growing degree days between sowing and 50% anthesis.
1-4 Ear shape scale
CobGlAnCol - Estimation
Standard method for cob tassel Anthocyanin coloration. The anthocyanin Anthocyanin colorationation should be observed on the middle third of the uppermost cob, after the removal of some of the grains.
Sucrose content
GSucrose
Sucrose content in the grain
Grain sucrose content
mmol /m2/s
Aflatoxin content
Aflatox
Aflatoxin content
Grain Aflatoxins content produced by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus.
Corn stunt spiroplasma severity.
CSSSev
Corn stunt spiroplasma severity
Corn Spiroplasma stunt severity
1-3 Cob color scale
Grain proline content
Proline content
GProline
Proline content in the grain.
TslOpen
Tassel opening
opening
Tassel angle.
Ear damage
Ear damage
Ear damage caused by ear rot and/or insects, etc.
EDmg
uF
Number of plants per unit area.
PStand
stand
Plant stand
Count and weigh grains randomly selected from the total grains.
GW DW - Measurement
TRustSev - Estimation
Observe tropical severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Maize streak virus incidence
Maize streak virus incidence
MSVInc
Maize streak virus incidence (MSV) incidence.
Meaure ear width.
EWid - Measurement
1-5 Anthocyanin coloration scale
Silking date - Estimation
Observe plants carefully and record date when 50% of plants within a plot area have silks visible (female flowering date). This is determined on a daily basis by counting the number of plants with at least one silk extruded divided by the total number of plants in the plot.
BCLSSev - Estimation
Observe bacterial leaf stripe severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Sugarcane downy mildew incidence
PsacchInc
Sugarcane downy mildew (Peronosclerospora sacchari) incidence.
Sugarcane downy mildew incidence
Whole-grain protein content.
Protein content
Grain protein content
GProt
Earworm incidence
Earworm incidence
EWormInc
Ear worm (Heliothis) incidence.
Measure, when applicable, ear length of at least 20 representative plants per accession, record the data in the fieldbook.
ELng - Measurement
Measured with a portable porometer. Take the measures in the middle between leaf tip and leaf base, and in between leaf midrib and leaf rim. Blade sections measured must to be exposed to sunlight for at least the 30 minutes before. Measurements always performed in the same side of the leaf (usually the lower or abaxial one). One measurement per leaf, and at least 3 per plot. 1 min per measurement.
SCond - Measurement
Diatraea damage
Diatraea damage
DiatraeaDmg
Plant damage caused by Diatraea species.
Count the number of plants that are affected by DMJ per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
DMJInc - Counting
Standard method for whole-grain pro-vitaminA content.
GVitA - Measurement
ppm
Take same leaf measured for leaf length and measure mid-way along its length.
LWid - Measurement
Sucrose content in the root.
RSucrose
Root sucrose content
Sucrose content
Busseola damage
Busseola damage
Plant damage caused by Busseola larvae.
BusseolaDmg
GZinc - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain zinc content.
Anthocyanin coloration
Anthocyanin coloration of tassel.
TslCol
Tassel Anthocyanin coloration
Count the total number of plants that are affected by corn stunt complex per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
CSCInc - Counting
Stenocarpella ear rot severity
SmaySev
Stenocarpella (=Diplodia) ear rot severity.
Stenocarpella ear rot severity
DMSInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by sorghum downy mildew per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
SLodgInc - Computation
Divide the total numbers of plants with lodged stems by number of plants harvested.
ppb
FgramSRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of FgramSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
AWormDmg - Estimation
Observe the plant damage caused by army worms per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Maize rough dwarf virus incidence
MRDVInc
Maize rough dwarf virus incidence
Maize rough dwarf virus (MRDV) incidence.
Shell the grains (kernels) from the ears harvested per plot and record fresh (field) weight.
FW GY - Measurement
Leaf proline content
Proline content
LProline
Proline content in the leaf.
Grain abscisic acid content
GABA
Abscisic acid content
Abscisic acid content in the grain.
CRustSev - Estimation
Observe common rust severity on plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Count the number of plants that show root lodging and record data in filedbook. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
RLodgInc - Counting
FgramSRInc - Counting
Count the plants that are affected by fusarium graminearum stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Standard method for ear leaf length.
ELLng - Measurement
Tillering - Counting
Count the number of tillers per plant (average of more than 20 representative) plants.
Ear position
Ear position as a ratio of ear height to plant height.
EPo
position
Color of the grain.
Grain color
GCol
color
TslTyp - Estimation
Standard method for tassel type.
CTMInc - Computation
Divide the total number of CTM damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Large grain borer (Prostephanus truncatus) damage.
Large grain borer damage
Large grain borer damage
LGBDmg
water index
WI
A ratio between the reflectance at a water band wavelength to a nearby reference wavelength where there is no absorption due to water content variability.
Water index
1-6 Endosperm color scale
DMVInc - Computation
Divide the total number of DMV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Standard method for glucose content.
Glucose - Measurement
Observe color of grains.
GCol - Estimation
variable_of
mg/g
EarW Field weight - Measurement
Harvest all ears in a plot (or row), put them in the nylon bag and dry at 60-70¡C for 1-2 days, then measure and record the weight of dried ears.
Banded leaf and sheath blight severity
Banded leaf and sheath blight severity
Banded leaf and sheath blight (Rhizoctonia solani f. sp. sasakii) severity.
BLSBSev
Standard method for maize weevil number in a sample. Weevils were counted only once (at the end of a 45-d incubation period)
WeevN - Counting
g/plant/day
Estimation of root mass at the end of the stress using an electrical capacitance meter.
RootCapac
capacitance
Root capacitance
OP - Measurement
Standard method for osmotic potential.
Divide the total number of MRCV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
MRCVInc - Computation
1-5 Grain texture scale
Standard method for osmotic adjustment.
OA - Measurement
PytSRInc
Pythium stalk rot (Pythium spp.) incidence.
Pythium stalk rot incidence
Pythium stalk rot incidence
EWormInc - Counting
Count the number of ear damage caused by earworm per plot.
PERSev
Penicillium ear rot severity.
Penicillium ear rot severity
Penicillium ear rot severity
NIRS Moi - Measurement
Measure moisture of a grain sample using NIRS moisture analyzer.
ng/g
Ear position ratio
SdlngVig
Seedling vigor
Seedling vigor.
vigor
MSTVInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize stripe virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Observe stenocarpella ear rot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
SmaySev - Estimation
MLNSev - Estimation
Observe maize lethal necrosis severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Observe rust severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
RustSev - Estimation
WeevN
Maize weevil number
Maize weevil number in Grain
The number of maize weevils (Sitophilus zeamais) hatching and emerging from an infested grain sample within a given period. Large values indicate susceptibility to grain weevils, small values indicate partial resistance to grain weevils.
Glucose content in the grain.
GGlucose
Glucose content
Grain glucose content
Standard method for tassel branches dry weight.
TslBW - Measurement
Fusarium ear rot severity
Fusarium ear rot severity
Fusarium ear rot severity.
FusERSev
EHvst
Ear harvested number
Number of ears harvested.
harvested number
Aphid damage
Aphids (Rhopalosiphum maidis) damage.
AphDmg
Aphid damage
EWormInc - Computation
Divide the total number of EWDMG damaged ears by the total number of plants harvested.
DMSev - Estimation
Observe downy mildew severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
row/ear
SRInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
CCI
GTyp - Estimation
Score the grains based on grain characters such as floury, dent per plot.
MLNSev
Maize lethal necrosis severity
Maize lethal necrosis (MLN) severity.
Maize lethal necrosis severity
EturcSev - Estimation
Observe turcicum leaf blight severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
kg/plot
Standard method for whole-grain iron content.
GIron - Measurement
Divide the total number of HSmut damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
HSmutInc - Computation
Crazy top (Sclerophthora macrospora) incidence.
Crazy top downy mildew incidence
Crazy top downy mildew incidence
CTMInc
CT - Measurement
Standard method for canopy temperature.
CTMInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by CTM per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
LateWiltInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by late wilt per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Multiple rust pathogens severity.
Rust severity
RustSev
Rust severity
0-10 Senescence scale
Standard method for standard germination
StdGerm - Estimation
ear leaf senescence time
Ear leaf senescence time.
ELSen
Ear leaf senescence time
Observe fusarium graminearum ear rot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection.
CSSSev - Estimation
scale_of
1-5 Aleurone color scale
1-5 Pericarp color scale
Average of 10 consecutive grains from one row in the middle of the uppermost ear, measured with calliper.
GLng - Measurement
RLodgInc - Computation
Divide the total number of plants that are root lodged due to weak soil or poorly developed anchorage roots by the total number of plants that are harvested.
index
lb/bsh
AntCol
Anthocyanin coloration of anthers.
Anthocyanin coloration
Anther Anthocyanin coloration
Count the number of plants that are affected by the common smut per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
CSmutInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by stewart wilt per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
SteWiltInc - Counting
Osmotic potential
A measure of the potential of water to move between regions of differing concentrations across a water-permeable membrane.
OP
osmotic potential
Observe dead leaf area per plant/plot and rate.
Sen - Estimation
MCob - Counting
Count the number of plants that have more than one ear growing from the same node.
PLSSev
Phaeosphaeria leaf spot severity
Phaeosphaeria leaf spot severity
Phaeosphaeria leaf spot (Phaeosphaeria maydis) severity.
It is calculated as the numerical position of the progeny when yields are arrenged from highest to lowest.
GYRank - Computation
Polysora rust severity
Polysora rust severity
Polysora rust (in lowlands Puccinia polysora) severity.
PpolySev
Ear rot incidence
Ear rot incidence
Ear rot incidence.
ERInc
texture
Grain texture as a measure of the variation on the intensity of a surface, quantifying properties such as smoothness, coarseness and regularity of the grain.
GTex
Grain texture
Divide the total number of SRot damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
SRInc - Computation
NIRS method for leaves ash content
NIRS LAsh - Measurement
Ear shape
EShape
Ear shape
shape
1-5 Tassel opening scale
ear/plant
0-1 absent-present scale
PUnif - Estimation
Standard method for plant uniformity
Observe penicillium ear rot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
PERSev - Estimation
DW GY - Measurement
Shell the grains (kernels) from the ears harvested per plot and put grains in a paper bag and dry at 60-70¡C for 1-2 days, then measure and record the weight of dried grain.
PStand - Counting
Count total number of plants per plot.
Count the number of plants that are affected by sugarcane mosaic virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
SCMVInc - Counting
MRFVInc - Computation
Divide the total number of MRFV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Divide the total number of SteWilt damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
SteWiltInc - Computation
Silking time
Silking time.
Silk
silking time
Grain yield per unit area, either field weight basis, dry weight basis or adjusted to 12.5% grain moisture.
Grain yield
GY
yield
GAsh - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain ash content
PRI - Measurement
Standard method for photochemical radiation index.
1-9 Grain color scale
height to insertion of uppermost ear
Plant height from base to the insertion of the top (uppermost) ear.
Ear height
EH
EHvst - Counting
Count the total number of ears harvested per plot/entry, excluding secondary ears that are extremely small.
Standard method for sheath pubescence content.
ShtPub - Estimation
NIRS method for whole-grain ash content
NIRS GAsh - Measurement
Mpa
1-5 Leaf color scale
Recommended to take 6 alternating plants per plot and measure the height between the base of a plant to the insertion of the top (uppermost) ear of the same plant, enter the data individually in the FieldBook and calculate the average.
EH - Measurement
Corn stunt incidence
Corn stunt incidence
CSCInc
Corn stunt complex (corn stunt spiroplasma, maize bushy stunt phytoplasma [= mycoplasma], maize rayado fino virus) incidence.
GRN
grain row number
Grain row number
Number of grain rows in the central part of the uppermost ear.
Count the number of plants that are affected by anthracnose leaf blight per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
ALBInc - Counting
TslGlBAnCol - Estimation
Standard method for glumes base tassel Anthocyanin coloration.
1-3 Ear position scale
CT
Canopy temperature.
Canopy temperature
canopy temperature
EAsp - Estimation
Harvest ears per plot (eliminate first and last plants to avoid border effects) and score ear aspect combining several ear-associated traits. Note: Combination of traits usually differs from one breeder to another depending on type of study.
AstriInc
Black bundle incidence
Black bundle incidence
Black bundle (Acremonium strictum) incidence.
Standard method for endosperm lysin content.
EndoLys - Measurement
Count the number of plants that are affected by bacterial stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
BactSRInc - Counting
1-4 Grain row arrangement scale
SilkGrwR - Computation
Standard method for silk growth rate.
FgramSRInc
Fusarium graminearum stalk rot incidence.
Fusarium graminearum stalk rot incidence
Fusarium graminearum stalk rot incidence
1-3 size scale
Count the number of plants that are affected by stenocarpella stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
StenSRInc - Counting
day
ELW - Measurement
Standard method for ear leaf weight.
EndoCol - Estimation
Observe the endosperm color, when applicable, on at least 20 representative plants per accession.
BmaySev
Maydis leaf blight severity
Maydis leaf blight (Bipolaris maydis = Helminthosporium maydis) severity.
Maydis leaf blight severity
Recommended to take multiple plants and measure the height from the base of a plant to the top of the tassel, enter the data individually in the FieldBook and calculate the average.
PH - Measurement
g/200grain
Fusarium graminearum ear rot severity
Fusarium graminearum ear rot severity.
FgramERSev
Fusarium graminearum ear rot severity
Curvularia leaf spot severity
Curvularia leaf spot (Curvularia spp.) severity.
Curvularia leaf spot severity
CLSSev
grain/plant
Grain number.
GN
Grain number
number
diameter
Ear diameter
Ear diameter measured at the central part of uppermost ear.
EDia
PAsp - Estimation
Score the plants per plot combining several agronomical and morphological characters of plants such plant height, ear height, stem/root loading. Note: Combination of traits usually differ from one breeder to another depending on type of study.
method_of
Shape of uppermost ear whether cylindrical or cylindrical-conical or conical or round.
shape
UpESh
Uppermost ear shape
1-5 Leaf rolling severity scale
ug/mg
cm/day
NDVI - Measurement
Optimum number of measurements: i) Vegetative stage: Weekly measurements from 2 to 6 weeks after planting; ii) Flowering: only for inbred lines.
Score maize weevil damage on the plants per plot.
WeevInc - Estimation
BSDMInc - Computation
Divide the total number of BSDM damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
1-3 density scale